“THE SUFFERINGS, AND THE GLORY” http://www.godsplan.org.uk/stars.htm
We are told, in 1 Peter 1:10—12, that the prophets of old searched “what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand
the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.
1 Peter 1:10—12
10 Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:
11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.
12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves but unto us they did minister the things which are now reported unto you…with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven.” They wrote of the sufferings, and they wrote of the glory that should follow; but there was nothing to tell them about the times or the seasons. Whether the glory was to follow immediately on the sufferings, or whether there was to be an interval, and whether that interval was long or short, no hint was given. Hence they searched as to “what manner of time was signified”.
This “time” refers to “the unsearchable riches of Christ”. They could not, at that time, then be traced. Even angels desire to look into these things.
1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
“Now,” all is revealed. It is ministered unto us, in the Scriptures of TRUTH, on earth; and God is making known, by means of the Church something of His manifold wisdom to the principalities and powers in the heavenly places.
09 And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:
10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
Angels and prophets saw the “sufferings” like the tops of a distant mountain range—while beyond it a farther range was seen in a distant haze of glory. But what lay between they could neither see nor know. But now [today] it is revealed. The sufferings are past, and we are in the valley between these two mountain ranges. The glory is beyond. The secret “hid in God” has been made known; and we can understand, a little, the answer to the question of Christ to the two disciples:
Luke 24:26 “Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into His glory?”
They are linked together inseparably, especially in the first epistle of Peter:
1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.
1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
1 Peter 4:13 But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when His glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.
1 Peter 5:1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:
In the Old Testament they are each frequently dwelt upon together: but, we find that, while the glory is often mentioned and enlarged upon by itself, without any reference to the sufferings, we never find the sufferings mentioned without the glory being referred to immediately after. Sometimes the change is quite sudden.
In Psalm 22 note the change from verse 21 –22 to the end
21 Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.
From the horns, &c. This clause may be joined on to the end of the preceding line. “Thou hast heard me” may be read onto verse 22: “I will declare”
Unicorns = the bulls of verse 12.
22 I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.
I will declare. These words are Christ’s in resurrection.
Thy Name. = Thee; The Father (Emphatic)
Brethren. John 20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.
Congregation = assembly: in its military aspect.
23 Ye that fear the Lord, praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him; and fear him, all ye the seed of Israel.
Ye: i.e. the Gentiles of;
Psalm 18:49 Therefore will I give thanks unto Thee, O Lord, among the heathen, and sing praises unto Thy name.
Psalm 117:1 O praise the Lord, all ye nations: praise Him, all ye people.
Deuteronomy 32:43 Rejoice, O ye nations, with His people: for He will avenge the blood of His servants, and will render vengeance to His adversaries, and will be merciful unto His land, and to His people.
Isaiah 11:1, 10
1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of His roots:
10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and His rest shall be glorious.
See notes on;
Gen 32:28. Jacob = contender. Used of the natural Jacob and his natural seed. Israel used for spiritual Jacob and his spiritual seed.
Israel = “God commands, orders or rules” Man attempts it but always, in the end, fails. Out of some forty Hebrew names compounded with “El” or “Jah”, God is always the doer of what of what the verb means. (Cp Dani-el, God Judges).
Gen 43:6; Israel. Note the name. Jacob is used of his weakness (Gen 42:36) Israel of his resignation to God’s will. In this use of the names Jacob and Israel, men might well invent a Jacobite and Israelite authorship, as well as an Elohist and Jehovist theory!
Gen 45:26, 28. Fainted = began to cease beating. Cp Jacob’s fainting with Israel’s “strength” Verse 28. Israel which is used in connection with his strength of faith, and act 46:1. Israel’s strength with Jacob’s fainting, verse 26. Fear = revere. Referring to Israel.
24 For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither hath he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard.
The affliction = the humiliation.
The afflicted = the patient one.
25 My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him.
26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the Lord that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.
Meek = the patient or wronged ones.
27 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the Lord: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
The ends &c = for the people dwelling in the farthest regions.
28 For the kingdom is the Lord's: and he is the governor among the nations.
29 All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.
All they that be fat = All the great ones.
30 A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.
A seed. Septuagint and Vulgate read “My seed”. Cp Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise Him; He hath put Him to grief: when Thou shalt make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in His hand.
31 They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this.
Shall declare His righteousness = His righteousness shall be declared.
That shall be born. Referring to the new birth as declared by Christ to Nicodemus.
3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
4 Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born?
5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
7 Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.
Cp Ezekiel 36:25--27
25 Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.
26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
27 And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.
He hath done this = it is finished.
Cp John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
Thus concluding the Psalm. Cp the beginning. Hebrew ‘āsāh, to accomplish, or finish, as in;
2 Chronicles 4:11 And Huram made the pots, and the shovels, and the basons. And Huram finished the work that he was to make for king Solomon for the house of God;
Not given to the chief Musician; the Psalm being for private study, and not public worship.
In Psalm 102 note the change from verse 11—12 to the end.
11 My days are like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass.
12 But thou, O Lord, shalt endure for ever; and thy remembrance unto all generations.
But Thou. Emphasising the great consolation.
Shalt endure. Sittest, or wilt sit [enthroned].
13 Thou shalt arise, and have mercy upon Zion: for the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is come.
The set time. First, the end of the seventy years.
Daniel 9:2 In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.
17 Then said I unto them, Ye see the distress that we are in, how Jerusalem lieth waste, and the gates thereof are burned with fire: come, and let us build up the wall of Jerusalem, that we be no more a reproach.
18 Then I told them of the hand of my God which was good upon me; as also the king's words that he had spoken unto me. And they said, Let us rise up and build. So they strengthened their hands for this good work.
19 But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard it, they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, “What is this thing that ye do? will ye rebel against the king?”
20 Then answered I them, and said unto them, “The God of heaven, He will prosper us; therefore we His servants will arise and build: but ye have no portion, nor right, nor memorial, in Jerusalem.
Nehemiah 3:1—32 Read All.
Second, the still future set time in God’s counsels. All this is prophecy. No need to think it was written after Jerusalem’s desolation. David was a prophet.
30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;
31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that His soul was not left in hell, neither His flesh did see corruption.
Cp Isaiah 40:2 Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the Lord's hand double for all her sins.
Isaiah 61:2 To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
14 For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof.
Stones. For the restored buildings.
15 So the heathen shall fear the name of the Lord, and all the kings of the earth thy glory.
Heathen = nations.
Glory. Always mentioned in connection with Messiah’s sufferings. See Ap 71 http://levendwater.org/companion/append71.html
Cp verses Psalm 102 1—12.
16 When the Lord shall build up Zion, He shall appear in his glory.
Appear in His glory. This shows that all is prophetic.
Cp Isaiah 60:1—3
1 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee.
2 For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the Lord shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.
3 And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
17 He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer.
18 This shall be written for the generation to come: and the people which shall be created shall praise the Lord.
The generation to come = a generation to come. Indicating that all here is future.
Created. i.e. the new Israel.
Psalm 22:31 They shall come, and shall declare His righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that He hath done this.
Isaiah 43:1—7, 18—21
1 But now thus saith the Lord that created thee, ‘O Jacob, and He that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine.’
2 ‘When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.’
3 ‘For I am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee.’
4 ‘Since thou wast precious in My sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life.’
5 ‘Fear not: for I am with thee: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west;’
6 I will say to the north, ‘Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring My sons from far, and My daughters from the ends of the earth;’
7 ‘Even every one that is called by My name: for I have created him for My glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.’
18 ‘Remember ye not the former things, neither consider the things of old.
19 Behold, I will do a new thing; now it shall spring forth; shall ye not know it? I will even make a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert.
20 The beast of the field shall honour Me, the dragons and the owls: because I give waters in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert, to give drink to My people, My chosen.
21 This people have I formed for myself; they shall shew forth My praise.’
Isaiah 66:8 Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children.
This is the new nation referred to in;
Matthew 21:43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
19 For He hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven did the Lord behold the earth;
The height of His sanctuary = His Holy height.
20 To hear the groaning of the prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death;
Those…appointed to death = the sons of death. Genitive of Relation. The Hebrew word for “death” occurs only here and 79:11. It is feminine, as though the mother. Ap 17.5 http://levendwater.org/companion/append17.html
Cp Romans 8:36 As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.
21 To declare the name of the Lord in Zion, and his praise in Jerusalem;
22 When the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms, to serve the Lord.
When &c. Cp Psalm 22:27 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the Lord: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
Psalm 68:32 Sing unto God, ye kingdoms of the earth; O sing praises unto the Lord; Selah:
Isaiah 45 :14 Thus saith the Lord, The labour of Egypt, and merchandise of Ethiopia and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine: they shall come after thee; in chains they shall come over, and they shall fall down unto thee, they shall make supplication unto thee, saying, Surely God is in thee; and there is none else, there is no God.
Fulfilling Genesis49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto Him shall the gathering of the people be.
23 He weakened My strength in the way; he shortened My days.
He weakened. A return to the subject corresponding with “d” in the structure. (verses 3—11)
In the way: i.e. of His humiliation.
24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations.
25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands.
Of old, &c. Quoted in; Hebrews 1:10—12, which indicates that this Psalm is all prophetic of Messiah.
10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:
11 They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;
12 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.
26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:
27 But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.
The same: or He. Cp Isaiah 41:4 Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I the Lord, the first, and with the last; I am He.
Isaiah 43:10 Ye are My witnesses, saith the Lord, and My servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe Me, and understand that I am He: before Me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after Me.
28 The children of thy servants shall continue, and their seed shall be established before thee.
Children = sons.
Shall continue = shall dwell [in the land].
In Isaiah 53 note the change in the middle of verse 10 (See Ap 72). http://levendwater.org/companion/append72.html
1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?
2 For He shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: He hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see Him, there is no beauty that we should desire Him.
3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; He was despised, and we esteemed Him not.
4 Surely He hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
5 But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes we are healed.
6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned everyone to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on Him the iniquity of us all.
7 He was oppressed, and He was afflicted, yet He opened not his mouth: He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so He openeth not His mouth.
8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare His generation? for He was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was He stricken.
9 And He made His grave with the wicked, and with the rich in His death; because He had done no violence, neither was any deceit in His mouth.
10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; He hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in His hand.
11 He shall see of the travail of His soul, and shall be satisfied: by His knowledge shall My righteous servant justify many; for He shall bear their iniquities.
12 Therefore will I divide Him a portion with the great, and He shall divide the spoil with the strong; because He hath poured out His soul unto death: and He was numbered with the transgressors; and He bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
It seems that when the sufferings are mentioned, we are not left to think that all is to end there. The glory may be mentioned alone, because there is to be no end to it. But to the sufferings there was to be an end, and that end was to be revealed in glory. That is why, when the Lord makes the first mention of His sufferings;
Matthew 16:21 From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto His disciples, how that He must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.
He at once proceeded to speak of the time when He “shall come in the glory of His Father” (v27), and to add that some of those who were standing there should see it. And then, after six days, three of them saw the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and were eye-witnesses of His majesty, when they were with Him in the holy mount.
2 Peter 1:16—18
16 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of His majesty.
Have not followed = did not follow.
Cunningly &c. Greek sophizō 2 Timothy 3:15 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
Fables 1 Timothy 1:4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do.
Coming Matthew 24:3 And as He sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto Him privately, saying, ‘Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?’
eyewitnesses Greek epoptēs. Only here.
1 Peter 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by your good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.
1 Peter 3:2 While they behold your chaste conversation coupled with fear [reverence].
majesty Acts 19:27 So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth.
17 For He received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to Him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
came = was borne.
1 Peter 1:13 (brought) Wherefore [why] gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
beloved Ap 135 III http://levendwater.org/companion/append135.html
well pleased Matthew 3:17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 12:18 Behold My servant, whom I have chosen; My beloved, in whom My soul is well pleased: I will put My spirit upon Him, and He shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.
Matthew 17:5 While He yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, ‘This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye Him.’
18 And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with Him in the holy mount.
heaven (singular) Matthew 6:9—10
9 After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.
10 Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.
holy. Because, and while the Lord was there.
Cp John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
Continuing verse 13, and showing that verse 13 also relates to the Word.
John 1:13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
Having heard of the sufferings, the disciples were not left to conclude that all was to end there: hence they were at once given the most wonderful exhibition of the glory which was to follow.
This is why the Transfiguration scene in the third part of the Lord’s ministry, which had to do with His sufferings. (See Appendix 72 above). http://www.godsplan.org.uk/thetransfiguration.htm.