TO God’s Children

 Professor Antonio dalla Paglia

1) Of original sin, and of man’s wretchedness


`I am resolved to act according to the advice of the blessed Apostle Peter, when he says, ‘Christ suffered for us, leaving us an example that we should follow His steps; who did, no evil, neither was guile found in His mouth; who, when He was reviled, reviled not again, when He suffered He threatened not, but committed Himself to Him that judgeth rightly.’


1 Peter 2 (KJV)

21 For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow His steps:

22 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in His mouth:

23 Who, when He was reviled, reviled not again; when He suffered, He threatened not; but committed Himself to Him that judgeth righteously:

24 Who His own self bare our sins in His own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by Whose stripes ye were healed.

25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.


Judgement was given; and he (Known only as AONIO PALEARIO but was really Professor ANTONIO dalla PAGLIA) was condemned, after a lengthened imprisonment, to be suspended on a gibbet, and his body to be committed to the flames; though, more probably, he was burned alive. 

It was more than 3 centuries ago, a little treatise, entitled “THE BENEFIT OF CHRIST’S DEATH” APPEARED IN Italy. It was eagerly read and widely circulated throughout Europe, including U.K.40,000 copies of it were within a few years uttering its voices and bearing to multitudes its warm illustrations of “the glorious riches of God’s free grace, which every true believer receives by Jesus Christ and Him crucified,” It is not strange that it thus won its way to the hearts of God’s hidden ones in papal lands, as well as to the embrace of many others in realms in which the Reformation was giving the word of the true Gospel to the people. The little book was too true to Christ to escape the ban of Rome However; “THE BENEFIT OF CHRIST’S DEATH” disappeared. Its 40,000 copies were sought out in their thousand homes and destroyed. The stream that had disappeared before the fires of Inquisitorial hatred was not totally lost. It still lives, though unseen. Many a soul had drank at it and been refreshed and it had become within him a well of living water (The TRUTH). And, besides this, after 3 centuries, beneath the arid sands; the stream still survived, and now it rises again to the upper air, sparkling in the sunlight and offering refreshment to the thirsty soul. (Here for you it is again).

 Rev John Ayre, of England, searched for a volume which he suspected might still survive in the English language. In 1843 or 1844 he discovered it, and in 1847 reprinted it, stating in the Introduction that no copy of the original Italian work was known to exist. It was found that there was in existence also a manuscript English translation of the book, it was in the library of Cambridge University. This version was made from the Italian by Edward Courtenay, the 12th Earl of Devonshire, in 1558, whilst lying a prisoner in the Tower. Its interest is increased by the fact that King Edward VI, of England, had evidently read, and in two places had written in it (Which is substantiated in the book). The English translation, which has been republished in Great Britain, was made from the French version, and printed at London in 1573. In Tuscany in 1588 he married, and taught the learned languages, whilst diligently studying the Scriptures and the works of the Reformation Thus does the old man write from his dungeon in the face of a cruel death:--


MY DEAREST WIFE:--I would not wish that you should receive sorrow from my pleasure, nor ill from my good. The hour is now come when I must pass from this life to my Lord and Father and God. I depart as joyfully as if I were going to the nuptials of the Son of the great King, which I have always prayed my Lord to grant me through his goodness and infinite mercy. Wherefore, my dearest wife, comfort yourself with the will of God and with my resignation, and attend to the desponding family which still survives, training them up and preserving them in the fear of God, and bring to them both father and mother. I am now an old man of 70 years, and useless. Our children must provide for themselves by their virtue and industry, and lead an honourable life. God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, and the communion of the Holy Spirit, be with your spirit! Thy husband “AONIO PALEARIO”. “Rome, July 3, 1570.”


Thus gladly did he meet death, and giving himself up to his tormentors, entered into his eternal rest



Benefit That Christians Receive



Chapter 1

The holy Scripture saith that God created man after His own image and likeness, making him, as in respect of his body, impassible (incapable of suffering or of experiencing pain), and, as touching his soul, righteous, true, good, merciful, and holy. But, after that (he took part in Eve’s lustful desires of the eyes with the enemy) Timothy 2:14 (KJV) And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression. (See 1 John 2). He lost the said image and likeness of God, and became like the brute beasts, and like the devil who had abused him. For as touching his soul, he became unrighteous, untrue, cruel, pitiless, and the enemy of God; and as touching his body, he became passible, and subject to a thousand inconveniences and diseases, and not only like, but also inferior to brute beasts. And even as, if our forefathers had obeyed God, they should have left us their righteousness and holiness as an heritage; even so, by being disobedient unto God, they have left us the inheritance of unrighteousness, wickedness, and God’s displeasure, in such sort as It is un-possible for us (through our own strength) to love God, or to frame ourselves unto His holy will. Nay, we be enemies unto Him; as to one who must punish our sins, because He is a just judge; and therefore, can we not anymore; trust wholly to His holy mercy. To be short, our whole nature was corrupted by Adam’s sin And like as erst (first) it had superiority above all creatures, so it became an underling to all, the bond slave of Satan; (see Ephesians 2:2), sin,, and death (see Ecclesiastes 12:7), and condemned to the miseries of hell. Also he lost his judgement altogether, and began to say that good was evil, and evil good; esteeming false things to be true, and true things to be false. Which thing the prophet considering saith that “all men are liars,” and that “there is not one that doth good;” because the devil, like a stout man of arms, ruleth his own palace, that is to wit, the world, whereof he (the devil) became the prince and lord. There is no tongue that that can express the thousandth part of our misery, in that we, being created by God’s own hand, have lost the said image of God, and are become like the devil, and too like to him in nature and condition, willing whatsoever he willeth, and likewise refusing whatsoever he misliketh. By reason whereof, being given up for a prey to that wicked spirit, there is no sin so grievous which everyone of us would not be ready to do, if the grace of God stay us not. And this our deprivation of righteousness, and this forward inclination to all unrighteousness and naughtiness, is called original sin; the which we bring with us from out of our mother’s womb, so as we be born the children of wrath; and it hath had his first spring from our first fathers, and is the cause and fountain of all the vices and iniquities that we commit; wherefrom if we will be delivered, and return again to our first innocency, to recover the image of God, first of all it standeth us on hand to know our own wretchedness. (A very good comparison) For, like as no man will ever seek to the physician, except he know himself to be diseased, or acknowledge the excellency of the physician, and how much he is bound unto him, except he know his own disease to be pestilent and deadly; even so no man ackowledgeth Jesus Christ the only Physician of our souls, except he first know his own soul to be diseased: neither can he perceive the excellency of Him, nor how much he is bound unto Him, except he first enter into the knowledge of his own outrageous sin, and of the incurable infirmity, which we have received through the infection of our first fathers.   


Chapter 2



Our God, therefore minding of His infinite goodness and mercy to send His only Son to set free the wretched children of Adam, and knowing that first of all it behoved Him to make them understand their own misery, chose Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (in whose seed He promised to bless all nations), and accepted his offspring for His peculiar people, unto whom (after their departure out of Egypt, and deliverance from the bondage of Pharaoh—See Exodus; Companion Bible, KJV) He, by the means of Moses, gave the law; which forbiddeth all lusting (intense sexual desire or appetite), and commandeth us to love God with all our heart, with all our soul, and with all our strength, in such wise as our whole trust be reposed to Him, and we ready to leave our life for His sake, to suffer all torments in our members, and to be bereft of all our goods, dignities and honours, for the love of our God, choosing to die rather than to do anything that may mislike Him (to displease Him), be it never so little, and doing all things in that behalf with a merry heart, and with all forwardness and cheerfulness. Moreover, the law commandeth us to love our neighbour as ourself, meaning by the neighbour all manner of men, as well as friends and foes; and it willeth us to do to everyman as we would be done unto, and to love other men’s cases (problems) as our own. And so, by looking in this holy law, as in a clear looking-glass (mirror) man doth out of hand espy his own great imperfection and un-ableness to obey God’s commandments, and to render Him the honour and love which he ought to yield to his Maker. The first office of the law, then, is to make sin known; as St Paul affirmeth. And in another place he saith, 


Romans 7:7 (KJV) What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.


The second office of the law is to make sin increase; forasmuch as we, being quite gone from the obeying of God, and become bond slaves to the devil, being full of wicked works and inordinate affections (going beyond what is usual), cannot not abide that God should forbid us to lust, which increaseth so much the more as it is prohibited; by reason whereof St Paul saith the sin was dead, but the law came and raised it up again, and so it became out of measure great.

The third office of the law is to show the wrath and judgement of God, who threateneth death and everlasting punishment to such as keep not the law throughout in all points. For the holy Scripture saith, “Cursed is he that perfometh not thoroughly all the things that are written in the book of the law.” And, therefore, St Paul saith that the law is a ministry of [death], and that it bringeth forth wrath. The law, then, having discovered sin, and increased it, and showed forth the wrath and indignation of God, who threateneth death, executeth his fourth office, which is to put a man in fear; who thereupon falleth into sorrowfulness, and would fain (happily) satisfy the law; but, forasmuch as he seeth clearly that he is not able, he waxeth angry against God, and would with all his heart that there were no God, because he feareth to be sore chastised and punished by Him (this be very true whether it be admitted or not); according as St Paul saith, that  the wisdom of the flesh is the enemy of God; because it neither is, nor can be subject to the laws of God.” The fifth office of the law (which is the principle end, and the most excellent and necessary office of it) is to constrain a man to go unto Jesus Christ; in likewise of the Hebrews, being dismayed, were constrained to appeal unto Moses, saying, “Let not the Lord speak unto us, lest we die; but speak thou unto us, and we will obey thee in all things.” And the Lord answered, “Verily they have spoken exceeding well.” Yea, they were not praised for any other thing than for their desiring of a mediator betwixt God and them, which was Moses, who represented Jesus Christ, that should be the Advocate and Mediator between God and man. In respect whereof, God said unto Moses, “I will raise up a Prophet among their brethren like unto thee, and I will put My word in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all the things that I shall command him; and I will punish all those that will not obey My word, which he shall speak in My name.” 


Romans 8:7 (KJV) Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.


Exodus 20:19 (KJV) And they said unto Moses, “Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.”


Deuteronomy 18:17-19 KJV

17 And the Lord said unto me, “They have well-spoken that which they have spoken.”

18 ‘I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.’

19 ‘And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto My words which he shall speak in My name, I will require it of him.”’


Chapter 3



When as our God (Hebrew JEHOVAH) then had sent the said great prophet which He had promised us (who is His only Son, Hebrew ELOHIM), to the end that He should set us free from the curse of the law, and reconcile us unto our God (JEHOVAH); See Bullinger’s Companion Bible; that He should make our will fit for good works, healing our free—will, and repairing in us the foresaid image of God which we had lost through the fault of our first parents; forasmuch as we that “under heaven there is none other name given unto men whereby we may be saved,” but the name of Jesus Christ, let us run unto Him with the feet of lively faith, and cast ourselves between His arms; sith (an archaic word for since) He allureth us so graciously,


Colossians 3:10 (KJV) ‘And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of Hm that created him:’


Acts 4:12 KJVNeither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.’


Matthew 11:28 (KJV) ‘Come unto Me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.’


What comfort or what joy in this life can be comparable to this His saying there, when as a man, feeling himself oppressed with the intolerable weight of his sins, understandeth so sweet and amiable words of the Son of God, who promises so graciously to refresh and rid him of his great pains? But all the matter lieth in acknowledging our own weakness and misery in earnest. For he shall never know what is sweet, who hath not tasted of the sour. And therefore Jesus Christ saith:


John 7:37 KJV In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, “If any man thirst, let him come unto Me, and drink”.

Thirst =TRUTH, as if He had meant to say, if a man knew not himself to be a sinner, nor thirst (TRUTH) after righteousness, he cannot taste of the sweetness of Jesus Christ; how sweet it is to talk of Him, to think of Him, and to follow His most Holy life But, when we once thoroughly know our own infirmity by mean of the law, let us hearken unto St John the Baptist, who pointeth us to the Sovereign Physician with his finger, saying


John 1:29 (KJV)The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, “Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.”


For He it is that delivereth us from the heavy yoke of the law, abrogating and disannulling the curses and sharp threatening’s of the same, healing all our infirmities, reforming our free-will, returning us to our ancient innocency, and repairing in us the image of our God; insomuch as that (according to St Paul’s saying);


 1 Corinthians 15:45 KJV And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; [Gen 2:7] the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

And it is not to be believed that the sin of Adam and (Eve), which we have by inheritance from them, should be of more force than the righteousness of Christ, the which we inherit by faith. It seemeth that man hath great cause to complain,   that

 (Without any reason why) he is conceived and born in sin and in the wickedness of his parents (Adam and Eve), by whom death reigneth over all men.      .

 But now is all our sorrow taken away; inasmuch as by a like mean (without any occasion given on our behalf) righteousness and everlasting life are come by Jesus Christ (to them that believe on Him), and by Him death is slain; whereof St Paul maketh a very good discourse, which I propose to set down here following.


 Romans 5:12-21King James Version (KJV)

12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of Him that was to come.

15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.

16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.

17 For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)

18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.

19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:

21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.


By these words of St Paul, we manifestly perceive the things to be true, which we have said hereto for: that is to wit, that the law was given to make sin known; which sin we do also know not to be of a greater force than Christ’s righteousness, where—through we be justified before God. For, even as Jesus Christ is stronger than Adam was, so is His righteousness mightier than the sin of Adam and Eve. And, if the sin of Adam and Eve was sufficient enough to make all men sinners and children of wrath, without any misdeed of our own, much more shall Christ’s righteousness be of greater force to make us all righteous, and the children of grace, without any of our own good works; which cannot be good; as Austin also affirmeth. (The greatness of sin ought not to cause despair.)

Hereby a man may know in what an error they be, who, by reason of some great offence, despair of God’s good will, imagining that He is not willing to forgive, cover, and pardon all sin, having already punished and chastised all our sins and iniquities in His own only begotten and dear beloved Son, and consequently granted a general pardon to all mankind; which everybody enjoyeth that believeth the Gospel, that is to say, which believeth the happy tidings that the apostles have published throughout the whole world, saying, “We beseech you for Jesus Christ’s sake, Be ye reconciled unto God;for He that never knew sin was made a sacrifice for our sin , that we might become righteous in Him.


2 Corinthians 5:20-21 (KJV)

20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God.

21 For He hath made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him.


The prophet Esay (Isaiah), foreseeing this great goodness of God, writeth these heavenly words, which do so well paint out the passion of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the cause thereof, as it is not to be found better described, even in the writings of the apostles.


Isaiah 53:1-7 (KJV)

1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?

2 For He shall grow up before Him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: He hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see Him, there is no beauty that we should desire Him.

3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from Him; He was despised, and we esteemed Him not.

4 Surely He hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

5 But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes we are healed.

6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned everyone to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on Him the iniquity of us all.

7 He was oppressed, and He was afflicted, yet He opened not His mouth: He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so He openeth not His mouth.


O great unkindness! O thing abominable! that we, which profess ourselves Christians, and hear that the Son of God hath taken all our sins upon Him, and washed them out with his precious blood, suffering Himself to be fastened (nailed) to a tree for our sakes should nevertheless make as though we would justify ourselves, and purchase forgiveness of our sins by our own works; as who would say that the deserts, righteousness, and bloodshed of Jesus Christ were not enough to do it, unless we came to put to our works and righteouness; which are altogether defiled and spotted with self-love, self-liking, self-profit, and a thousand other vanities, for which we have a need to crave pardon at God’s hand, rather than reward.


1 Peter 2:24 (KJV) Who His own self bare our sins in His own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.


Neither do we think of the threatening’s which St Paul useth to the Galatians; who, having been deceived by false preachers, believed not that the justification by faith was sufficient of itself, but went about still to be made righteous by the law. Unto whom St Paul saith;


Galatians 5:4—5 KJV

4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.

5 For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.


Now, if the seeking of righteousness and forgiveness of sins, by the keeping of the law which God gave upon Mount Sinai, with so great glory and majesty, be the denying of Christ and of His grace, what shall we say to those that will needs justify themselves afore God by their own laws and observances? I would wish that such folks should a little compare the one with the other, and afterward give judgement themselves. To the Jewish readers; (Here is an excellent comparison of the inability of our own works, I implore you to trust the New Testament much more than you do to gain righteousness). 

God mindeth not to do that honour, nor to give that glory to His own law; and yet they will have Him give it to men’s laws and ordinances. But that honour is given to His only-begotten Son, who alone, by the sacrifice of His death and passion, hath made full amends for all our sins, past, present, and to come; as St John and St Paul declare. Wherefore (why), as often as we apply this satisfaction to Jesus Christ’s unto our souls by faith, out of all doubt we obtain forgiveness of our sins, and become good and righteous before God (Yahweh), through His righteousness. And therefore, after that St  Paul hath said that, as touching the righteousness of the law, he had lived un-blameable,


Hebrews 7:27 (KJV) Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this He did once, when He offered up Himself.


John 12:32 (KJV) And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto Me.


Hebrews 10:12 (KJV) But this man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God (YaHWeH);                 


  Hebrews 10:14 (KJV) For by one offering He hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.


1 John 1:7 (KJV) But if we walk in the light, as He is in the light, (YaHWeH); we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanseth us from all sin.


1 John 2:2 (KJV) And He is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.


He addeth;

Philippians 3:6-10 (KJV)

06 Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.

07 But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.

08 Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ,

09 And be found in Him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God (YaHWeH) by faith:

10 That I may know Him, and the power of His resurrection, and the fellowship of His sufferings, being made conformable unto His death;


O most noble words, which all Christians ought to have engraven in their hearts, praying God to make them to taste it perfectly. Lo! how St  Paul sheweth plainly that whosoever knoweth Christ aright esteemeth all the works of the law to be hurtful; forsomuch as they make us to swerve from our trust in  Jesus Christ; to whom every man ought to impute his salvation, and to trust only onto Him alone And, to enforce this sentence all the more, he addeth further, that esteemeth all things but as dung, so he main gain Christ and be found incorporated in Him;


Philippians 3:6-10 (KJV)

06 Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.

07 But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.

08 Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ,

09 And be found in Him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:

10 That I may know Him, and the power of His resurrection, and the fellowship of His sufferings, being made conformable unto His death;


declaring thereby that whosoever trusteth in his-own works, and pretendeth to justify himself by them, getteth not Jesus Christ, nother (neither) is ingrafted  (engrafted) into Him. And, forasmuch as the whole mystery of our faith consisteth in the TRUTH hereof, to the end we might the better understand what he meant to say, he addeth and repeated oftentimes, that he had nothing to do with all the outward justification, and all the righteousness that is grounded upon the keeping of the law; but that he would clothe himself with the righteousness which God giveth by faith to all them that believe that all our sins are chastised and punished in Jesus Christ, and that jesus Christ (as St  Paul saith,); “is made our wisdom, righteousness, holiness, and redemption, to the end (as it is written) that he which will glory should glory to the Lord, and not in his own works.”


1 Corinthians 1:30-31 (KJV)

30 But of Him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

31 That, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.


Very true it is, that in the Holy Scriptures there are some texts to be found, which, bring misunderstood, seem to gainsay this holy doctrine of St Paul’s and to attribute justification and remission of sins unto works and to charity. But those authorities have already been well expounded (to explain in detail) by some who have shown plainly that such as have understood them in the sense aforesaid understood them not aright. Wherefore, my dear beloved brethren, let us not follow the fond opinion of the bewitched Galatians; but rather let us follow the TRUTH which St  Paul teacheth us, and let us give the whole glory of our justification unto God’s mercy and to the merits of His Son; who by His own bloodshed hath set us free from the sovereignty of the law, and from the tyranny of sin and death, and hath brought us unto the Kingdom of God, to give us life and endless felicity (being happy). 

I say, yet further, that He hath delivered us from the dominion of the law, insomuch as he hath given us His Holy Spirit, who teacheth us all TRUTH, and that He has satisfied the law to the full, and given the same satisfaction unto all His members (that is to wit, to all true Christians)so they may safely appear at God’s throne, because they be clothed with the righteousness of His Christ, and by Him delivered from the curse of the law. Then cannot the law any more accuse us or condemn us, nor move our affections or appetites, nor increase sin in us. And therefore St Paul saith that the obligation which was against us is cancelled by Jesus Christ, and discharged upon the tree, This striking device, with no precedent (or authority) in scripture or early Christian tradition, was now to become an all pervasive (spread throughout) symbol of an imperial Christianity, The Cross,  inasmuch as He has set us free from the subjection of the law, and consequently from the tyranny of sin and death, which can no more hereafter hold us oppressed, because it is overcome by Jesus Christ in His resurrection, and so consequently by us, which are His members; in such manner that we may say with St Paul, and with the prophet Osee (Hosea), Death is quite vanquished and destroyed.


Galatians 3:13 (KJV) Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:


Romans 8:2 (KJV) For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.


Colossians 2:14 (KJV) Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to His (tree);


1 Corinthians 15:55-56 (KJV)

55 O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?

56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.

57 But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.


Hosea 13:14 (KJV) I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.

And, in spite of the fact that JEROME himself so quotes it in his commentary, and that it is masculine in all the other ancient translations of the Bible, Rome has first corrupted JEROME's Vulgate by changing the "e" into "a," and putting "ipsa" (she) instead of "ipse" (He); then she has so translated this corruption and perpetuated this perversion in various languages! So that in all her versions, in her pictures and statues, in the decree of Pope Pius IX, which promulgated the dogma of the "immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary," this lie of the Old Serpent has been foisted ( To pass off as genuine, valuable, or worthy:)  on unnumbered thousands of deluded souls, around the world; who have thereby been deceived into putting Mary in the place of Jesus;

Genesis 3:15 (KJV) And I will put enmity between thee [Satan] and the woman, and between thy seed [Satan] and her seed [Adam and Eve’s]; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.


He [Christ} is the blessed Seed that will crush the head of the venomous serpent,  that is to wit, of the devil; insomuch that all those which believe in Jesus Christ, reposing their whole trust in His grace, do overcome sin, death, the devil, and hell; as Christ has done. He is that blessed Seed  of Abraham, in the which God hath promised blessedness to all nations. It behoved (necessary) every particular person to fight with the said horrible serpent, and to deliver him-self from that curse.

When Christ was crucified by the Romans in the New Testament; it was first prophesied in the Old Testament by Our Lord, in the desert at Mount Sinai, following the Exodus from Egypt:


John 3:14 (KJV) And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:


Numbers 21:8 (KJV) And the Lord said unto Moses, “Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live.”


Being bitten by the serpent or the devil is an analogy, which we as Christians must recognise, and means causing sin in the one(s) bitten. Christ being lifted up on the tree having suffered for us, represented Christ taking away the sins of this fallen world. When He had accomplished His time on fallen earth He died, and was buried in a sepulchre in the Garden of Gethsemane, three days later He rose again. He not only took away the sins of the world for us, but also shewed us the way back to our Father. First we die (leave our physical body) then the spirit goes back to God who gave it.


Ecclesiastes 12:7 KJV Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.


However, that enterprise was so great, that all the force of the whole world knit together was unable to go through with it. Wherefore our God, the Father of mercy, being moved with compassion of our miseries, hath given us His only begotten Son, who hath delivered us from the venom of the serpent, and is Himself become our blessedness and righteousness, conditionally that we accept the same, renouncing all our own outward justifications.

Then, my dear brethren, let us embrace the righteousness of our Lord Jesus Christ, and let us make it ours by means of faith: let us assure ourselves that we be righteous not for our own works, but through the merits of Jesus Christ, and let us live merrily (cheerfully) and assured that the righteousness of Jesus Christ hath utterly done away all our unrighteousness, and made us good, righteous, and holy before God; who, beholding us ingraffed into His Son by faith, esteemeth us not now any more as the children of Adam, but as His own children, and hath made us heirs of all His riches, with His only begotten Son. 




This holy faith worketh after such a sort in us, that he, which believeth that Jesus Christ hath taken all his sins upon Him, becometh like unto Christ, and overcometh sin, the devil, death, and hell. (How we receive the likeness of God) And the reason thereof is this; namely, that the church (that is to wit, every faithful soul) is Christ’s wife and Christ is her Husband. For we know how the law of marriage is, that of two that become one self-same thing, being two in one flesh, and that the goods and substance of either of them become common to them both; by means whereof the husband saith that the dowry of his wife is his, and likewise the wife saith that her husband’s house and all his riches are hers; and of a truth so they are; for otherwise they should not be one flesh; as the Scripture saith.


Genesis 2:24 (KJV) Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.


After the same manner hath (Hebrew JEHOVAH) married His only begotten and dearly beloved Son to the faithful soul, which hath not any other thing peculiar of her own, save only sin; and yet the Son of God hath not disdained to take her for His well-beloved spouse, together with her peculiar dowry, which is sin. And now, by reason of the union which is in this holy marriage, look, what the one has is also the others. Jesus Christ therefore saith thus:

The dowry of man’s soul My dear wife, that is to wit, her sins and transgressings of the law, Hebrew JEHOVAH’s)  wrath against her, the boldness of the devil over her,  the prison of hell, and all other her evils, are become Mine, and are in My power to do what I list (like) with them. Wherefore it is at my choice to deal with them at my pleasure; and therefore I will put out the handwriting which is against the soul my wife; I will take it out of the way, I will fasten it to My tree in mine own body, and in the same will I spoil principalities and powers, and make a show of them openly, and triumph over them, and consume them utterly unto nothing.

Now, when Hebrew JEHOVAH) saw His Son, who knew no sin, neither had any sin in Him, thus willingly taking on Him the foulness of our iniquity, Yahweh made Him to be sin for us, even the very sacrifice for our sin, and did sharply punish our sin in Him, putting Him to death, even the death of the tree. Howbeit, forasmuch as He was (Hebrew JEHOVAH’S) well beloved and obedient Son, Jehovah would not leave Him in death, nor suffer His Holy One to see corruption, but raised Him up from death to life, giving Him all power in heaven and earth, and set Him at His right hand in glory. 

Now, then, the wife likewise, with exceeding great joy, doth say: The realms and kingdoms of my most dear Husband and Saviour are mine: by Him I am a heir of heaven: my Husband’s riches, that is to wit, His holiness, His innocency, His righteousness, and His Godhead, together with all His virtue and might, are mine, and for me; and therefore in Him I am holy, innocent, righteous, and godly, and there is not any spot in me. I am well favoured and fair; inasmuch as my lawful Husband has not any blemish in Him, but is altogether goodly and fair. And, sith (since) that he is wholly mine, and all that He hath is pure and holy; it followeth that I also am pure and holy. Therefore, to begin at His most innocent birth, He hath thereby sanctified the birth of His spouse conceived in sin.

The godly childhood and youth of the Bridegroom hath justified the childish and youthful life of His dearly beloved bride.  For the love and union that is betwixt the soul of a true Christian, and the Bridegroom Jesus Christ, maketh all the works of either of them to be common to them both.

By reason whereof, when a man saith, Jesus Christ hath fasted, Jesus Christ hath prayed, Jesus Christ was heard of the Father Jehovah, raised the dead, drave (drove) devils out of men, healed the sick, died, rose again, and ascended into heaven; a man may say that a Christian man hath done all the self-same works; forasmuch as the works of Christ are the works of the Christian; because He hath done them for him.

Verily a man may say that the Christian hath been nailed to the tree, buried, raised again, is gone up into heaven, become the child of Jehovah and made partaker of the Godhead. On the other side, all the works that a Christian man doeth are Christ’s works; because it is His will to take them for His. And, forasmuch as they be unperfect, and He thoroughly perfect, and cannot away with any unperfect thing, He hath made them perfect , with His virtues; to the end that His wife (us true Christians) should be always joyful and well contented, and not be afraid of anything, assuring herself that, although that there be yet still some default in her works, yet, notwithstanding, they be acceptable to God (Jehovah) in respect of His Son, upon whom He hath His eyes always fastened.

‘And not be afraid of anything’, Fear comes from not trusting, believing, or loving God with all thy might. If I can tell you a story, in 1982 I was on H.M.S. Broadsword, which was part of the Task Force sent down to the Falkland Isles in the South Atlantic. When hostilities broke out we were sent to Falkland sound, known by the sailors as Bomb Alley. We were perpetually bombed by Argentine planes for twelve hours a day for five days. At this time I prayed to God if I could see my wife and children again, but Thy will, not mine; be done. We moved out of Bomb Alley to the mouth of Falkland Sound with H.M.S. Coventry and were attacked by two Argentine A4 bombers. Coventry had direct hits and sank, Broadsword took a bomb astern which came through on the starboard side, about a meter and a half above the Plimsoll line, it took out the overhead fire main, burst the Avgas Helicopter fuel tank, punched a hole through the flight deck, and went overboard without exploding. I was half blinded and covered in the Avgas fuel from the ruptured tank, but very fortunately I was drenched at the same time by the water from the fire main. But I was still alive, my prayers had been answered . We then took on Coventry survivors from the freezing cold water of the South Atlantic, processed and fed them, then sent them to the S.S. Uganda. I went about the business of fighting the ship knowing I was protected by God which gave me the courage to pass to others who were sore afraid. So the message is quite clear: Be afraid of nothing, trust in God.

                                  Coventry                                                                         Broadsword

CoventryO the unmeasurable goodness of God! How greatly is the Christian bound unto God! There is no love of man, be it never so great, that may be compared with the love that God beareth to the soul of every faithful Christian, whereof Christ is the Bridegroom. Whereupon St  Paul saith that Jesus Christ hath so loved His wife, the church, which is builded by living stones (that is, of the souls of the believing Christians), that, for to sanctify her, He hath offered Himself to the death of the tree, cleansing her with the washing of water, by His word, to join her to Himself, a glorious church, without spot or wrinkle, or other like thing; but that she should be holy and un-blameable” ( that is to wit, like unto Him in holiness and innocency), and also be the true and lawful daughter of God, who hath loved the world so well, that, as Jesus Christ Himself saith, “He hath given His only begotten Son, to the end that everyone which believeth in Him should not perish, but have life everlasting.  For Jehovah sent not His Son into the world to condemn the world; but to the end that the world might be saved by Him, insomuch that he which believeth in Him shall not be damned.

Some man might demand after what manner the union of this holy marriage is made, and how the soul, which is the bride, and her Bridegroom Jesus Christ, are knit together? What assurance can I have that my soul is united unto Jesus Christ, and become His spouse? How can I assuredly glory that I am queen and mistress of His great riches, as a wife may? I can easily believe that other folks shall receive this honour and glory; but I cannot persuade myself that I am one of those same to whom God hath given so great grace. For I know mine own wretchedness an imperfection. My dear beloved brother, I answer thee, that thine assurance consisteth in true and lively faith, wherewith, as St Peter saith, God cleanseth men’s hearts.


John 3:16-17 (KJV)

16 For God [Jehovah] so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son [Elohim], that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

17 For God sent not His Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through Him might be saved.


Acts 15:9 (KJV) And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.


2 Peter 1:14 (KJV) Knowing that shortly I must put off this my tabernacle [body], even as our Lord Jesus Christ hath shewed me.


And this faith is grounded in the believing of the gospel, that is to say, in the believing of the glad tidings which hath been published on God’s behalf through the whole world; which tidings containeth in effect, that God hath used the rigorousness of His justice against Jesus Christ, chastising and punishing all our sins in Him. And whosoever receiveth this good tidings, and believes it steadfastly, hath the true faith, and doth enjoy the forgiveness of his sins, and is also reconciled unto God, and of the child of wrath is become the child of grace, and, recovering the image of God, entereth into the kingdom of God, and is made the temple of God; who marrieth man’s soul to His only Son, by the mean of this faith, which faith is a work of God, and the gift of God; as St Paul saith oftentimes. And God giveth it unto those whom He calleth to Him, of purpose to justify them, and to glorify them, and to give them everlasting life; according as our Lord Jesus Christ witnesseth saying,


Luke 2:10 (KJV) And the angel said unto them, “Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.”


2 Corinthians 3:18 (KJV) But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.


John 6:39 KJV) And this is the Father's [Jehovah’s] will which hath sent Me, that of all which He hath given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.


And, “Like as Moses lifted up in the wilderness, so must the Son of man be lifted up:” to the end that, “Everyone which believeth in Him might not perish, but have life everlasting.”


John 3:14-15 (KJV)

14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:

15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.


Also He said to Martha: John 11:25-26 (KJV)

25 Jesus said unto her, “ I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:”

26 “And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?”


And to a company of Jews he saith: John 12:46 (KJV) I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.


And St John in his epistle saith,

1 John 4:8-10 (KJV)

08 He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love.

09 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God [Jehovah] sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through Him.

10 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us, and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins.


And, moreover, He sent Him to destroy our enemies. For the bringing whereof to pass, He {Jehovah] made Him [Christ] partaker of our flesh, and of our blood, as saith St Paul,


Hebrews 2:14—15 KJV

14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, He also Himself likewise took part of the same; that through death He might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

15 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.


Seeing, then, that we have records of the Holy Scripture, concerning the promises, whereof we have spoken heretofore, and concerning many other promises that are dispersed in diverse places of the same, we cannot doubt of it. \and. forasmuch as the Scripture speaketh to all in general, none of us ought to distrust in himself, that the self-same thing which the Scripture saith should not belong particularly to himself.

 And, to the end that point, wherein lieth and consisteth the whole mystery of our holy faith, may be understood the better, let us put the case, that some good and holy king cause proclamation to be made through his whole realm by the sound of a trumpet, that all rebels and banished men shall safely return home to their houses, because that at the suit and desert of some dear friend of theirs it hath pleased him to pardon them; certainly none of those rebels ought to doubt of obtaining of true pardon of his rebellion, but rather ought assuredly to return home to his house, to live under the shadow of that holy king. And, if he will not return, he shall bear the penalty of it, because that through his own unbelief, he dieth in exile, and in the displeasure of his prince. (A very goodly similitude, and fit for the expressing of the free forgiveness of sins for Jesus Christ’s sake) But this good king is the Lord of heaven and earth; who, for the obedience and desert of our good brother, Jesus Christ, hath pardoned us all our sins, and, as we have said afore, hath made open proclamation throughout the whole world, that all of us may safely return into His kingdom Wherefore, he that believeth this proclamation doth straight-ways return into God’s Kingdom (where out of (The Garden of Eden where we were driven by the offence of our first parents), and is blessedly governed by God’s Holy Spirit. And he that giveth no credit to the said proclamation shall never enjoy the said general pardon, but for his unbelief’s sake shall abide in banishment under the tyranny of the devil, and live and die in extreme misery, living and dying in the displeasure of the King of heaven and earth—and that justly. For we cannot commit a greater offence against this good God, than to account Him as a liar and deceiver; (just like the enemy) which verily we do, in giving credit to His (God’s) promises.

O how passing heavy is this deadly sin of unbelief! which, so far forth as is possible, bereaveth God of His glory and perfection; besides the great harm it doeth to a man’s self, which is his own damnation and the endless torment of his soul, which the miserable conscience feeleth even in this life (which is very true) But, on the contrary, he that cometh unto God with assuredness of this faith, believing Him without any mistrust or doubt of His promises, and warranting himself for a certainty that God will perform all that ever He hath promised him, giveth all the glory unto God, and liveth continually in rest and endless joy, evermore praising and thanking the Lord God for choosing him to the glory of the eternal life.


1 Corinthians 1:31 KJV) That, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.


And hereof they have assured earnest penny and gage, that is to wit, the Son of God, whom they take for their most loving Bridegroom, the blood of whom hath made their hearts so drunken, that, through this passing holy belief, there is in the Christian heart engendered so lively a hope, and so certain a trust of God’s mercy towards us, and such an operation is wrought in us, as we rest ourselves wholly upon God, leaving the whole care of us unto Him in such wise, that, being thoroughly assured of God’s good-will, we are not afraid, nother (neither) of the devil, nor of his ministers, nor of death. Which holy and steadfast trust of God’s mercy enlargeth our heart, cheereth it up, and with certain marvellous sweet affections directeth unto God, filling it and setting it on fire with an exceeding fervent love. And therefore Paul encourageth us to:


Hebrews 4:16 (KJV) Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.


and he counselleth us that we should not shake it off, nor “make light of our trust, which hath great recompense and reward.”

But this so holy and Divine alliance is gendered in our hearts by the working of the Holy Ghost; who is communicated unto us by faith, which never goeth without the love of God. And hereof it cometh that we be provoked to do good works with a certain liveliness and effectual cheerfulness; whereby we gather such a strength and inclination to do them, as we be thoroughly ready and forward to do and to suffer all intolerable things for the love and glory of our most gracious and merciful Father (Jehovah); who hath enriched us with so abundant grace through Jesus Christ, and of His enemies made us His most dear children. This true faith is no sooner given a man, but he is by-and-by endued and imprinted with a certain violent love of good works, to yield right sweet and amiable fruits both unto God, and likewise to his neighbour, as a very good and fruitful tree. And it is no more possible that He should be otherwise, than it is possible that a faggot [archaic] (bundle of brushwood used in civil and military engineering) should be set on fire, and not cast light immediately.


Hebrews 10:35 (KJV) Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward.


This is the holy faith, “without the which it is impossible that any man should please God,”


Hebrews 11:6 (KJV) But without faith it is impossible to please Him: for he that cometh to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of them that diligently (constant effort) seek Him.


and whereby all the holy men (as well of the Old Testament as of the New Testament) have been saved, according as St Paul witnesseth of Abraham; concerning whom the Scripture saith that 


Romans 4:3 (KJV) For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.


Genesis 15:6 (KJV) And he believed in the Lord; and he counted it to him for righteousness.


And therefore he saith a little before, and in another place he saith; and to the Galatians he saith; and further he saith;


Romans 3:24 (KJV) Being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:


Romans 11:5-6 (KJV)

5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace.

6 And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then it is no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.


Galatians 3:11-12 (KJV)

11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.

12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.


Habakkuk 2:4 (KJV) Behold, His soul which is lifted up is not upright in Him: but the just shall live by His faith.


Galatians 2:16 (KJV) Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.


Galatians 2:21 (KJV) I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.


Moreover to the Romans, making comparison between the righteousness of the law, and the righteousness of the Gospel, he saith that that the one consisteth in the doing of works, and the other in believing:


Romans 10:9-10 (KJV)

09 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.

10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.


St Paul, Psalm 31 (KJV), and in many other places in the Bible, defendeth this article, showing that we become righteous by faith without any help of good works; howbeit that good works are the effects of righteousness, and not the cause of it, and he sheweth that the words of St James, being soundly understood, are nothing contrary to this article. Which thing Origen doth also affirm in his fourth book upon the epistle to the Romans, saying that “St Paul’s meaning is, that faith only is sufficient to make men righteous; insomuch that a man becometh righteous only by believing, although he hath not done any good work at all. For so it is the thief became righteous without the works of the law; forasmuch as the Lord sought not what good works he had done i9n time past, nor waited until he had done any after he believed, but, having accepted him for righteousness upon his only confession, took him for his companion, even when he should enter into paradise


Luke 23: 39—43 (KJV)

39 And one of the malefactors [thief] which were hanged railed on Him, saying, “If thou be Christ, save thyself and us”.

40 But the other answering rebuked him, saying, “Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?”

41 And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss.”

42 And he said unto Jesus, “Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.”

43 And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, “Today shalt thou be with Me in paradise.”


Afterward Origen saith, “In many places of the Gospel, a man may see how our Lord Jesus Christ hath spoken in such wise, as He sheweth that faith is the cause of salvation of the believers. Then is a man made righteous by faith; and the works of the law further him nothing at all. On the contrary, where faith is not (which faith maketh the believer righteous), although a man do the works which the law commandeth, yet, notwithstanding, forasmuch as they be not builded upon the foundation of faith, albeit that to outward appearance they seem good, yet can they not justify him that doeth them; because he wanted faith, which is the mark of them that are become righteous before God. And who is he that can boast himself to be righteous, when he heareth God say by His prophet Esay:


 Isaiah 64:6 (KJV) But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.


Then can we not justly glory in ourselves, but in the only faith of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ”. “The apostle saith that he which glorieth should glory in the Lord; in that God hath made Jesus Christ to be our wisdom, righteousness, holiness, and redemption; to the end that he which would glory should glory in the Lord;’ because that the perfect and sound glorifying is to glory in the Lord. For, in so doing, a man presumeth not upon his own righteousness, but acknowledgeth his want of the true righteousness, and that he is made righteous only by believing in Jesus Christ. And St  Paul glorieth of the despising of his own righteousness and of his seeking of Christ’s righteouness, by faith, which cometh of God.” (“Unto him that believeth in him who justifieth the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness, according to the purpose of God’s grace: like as David also saith that the man is blessed whom God accounteth righteous without works”), writeth thus: “St Paul saith, that unto him that believeth in Jesus Christ (that is to with, to the Gentiles) his faith is imputed for righteousness; as it was unto Abram in the Old Testament (Abraham). In what wise then think the Jews to become righteous by the works of the law, and yet to be as righteous as Abram was; seeing that Abram became not righteous by the deeds of the law, but only by faith?  Then is not the law needful; forasmuch as the sinner becometh righteous before God through faith only, according to God’s gracious purpose; as David saith. The apostle confirmeth that, which he hath said by the prophet’s example, saying,


Romans 4:6 (KJV) Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,


Whereby David meaneth that those men are very happy whom God hath determined to accept for righteousness before Him, by only faith, without any painstaking or observation of law on their behalf. Thus sheweth he the blessedness of the time wherein Christ was born; insomuch as the Lord Himself saith,


Matthew 13:17 (KJV) For verily I say unto you, “That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.”


“Let no man boast of his own works, for no man becometh righteous by his own works; but he that hath righteousness hath it of free gift, forasmuch as he is made righteous of Jesus Christ. Then is it faith that delivereth by Christ’s blood; for happy is the man whose sin is forgiven and pardoned.” Jacob, having not on his own behalf deserved the birthright, shrouded himself under the apparel of his brother, and clothed himself with his garment, which yielded a very sweet scent, and in that wise presented himself to his father to receive the blessing under another man’s person to his own be-hoof; even so it is requisite for us to clothe ourselves with the righteousness of Jesus Christ by faith, and to shroud ourselves under the Divine pureness of our eldest Brother, if we will be received for righteousness afore God (See Genesis 27).   

And certainly this is true. For, if we appear before God unclothed of the righteousness of Jesus Christ, without a doubt we shall be judged worthy of everlasting damnation. But contrariwise, if God see us apparelled with the righteousness of His Son, Christ, then will He surely take us for righteous, and holy, and worthy of eternal life. And verily it is a great rashness in such as pretend to attain to righteousness by the keeping of God’s commandments, which are all comprehended in loving God with all our heart, with all our soul, and with all our strength, and our neighbour as ourself. But who is so arrogant, or so mad, as to presume that he is able to perform those commandments to the full? Or who seeth not that God’s law requireth perfect love, and condemneth all imperfectness? Let every man consider well his own works, which partly shall seem good unto him, and he shall find that they ought rather to be called transgression of that most holy law, according also as they be altogether unclean and imperfect; so that he must be fain (gladly) to utter this saying of David’s:


Psalm 143:2 (KJV) And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.  


And Solomon saith: Proverbs 20:9 (KJV) Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?


And Job crieth out: Job 15:14-16 (KJV)

14 What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?

15 Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints; yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight.

16 How much more abominable and filthy is man, which drinketh iniquity like water?


And John saith: 1 John 1:8 KJV If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.


And especially our Saviour Jesus Christ teacheth us to say, as often as we pray, The Lord’s prayer; “Forgive us all our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us.”  See Matt 6:12 KJV

And hereby may well be gathered the folly of those that make merchandise of their works, presuming to save by them not only themselves, but also their neighbours; as though our Lord Jesus Christ had not said unto them:


Luke 17:10 (KJV) So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do.


Ye see that, although we had performed God’s law to the full, yet nevertheless we should esteem and call ourselves unprofitable servants. Now, then, seeing that men are so far off from this full performance, who is he that dareth be so bold as to glorify himself, that he hath added so great an over-plus of deserving’s above the full measure, as he may have to deal abroad unto others?

But, to return to our purpose, I would that the proud sinner, which beareth himself righteous before God by doing some works which are allowable to the world, would consider that all the works which proceed out of an unclean  and foul heart are also unclean and filthy, and consequently cannot be acceptable unto God, nor have any power to make the party righteous. Therefore we must first of all cleanse the heart, if we mind that our works should please God. The cleansing of the heart proceedeth of faith; as the Holy Ghost affirmeth by the mouth of Peter:


Acts 15:9King James Version (KJV) And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.


Then must we not say that the unrighteous person and the sinner becometh righteous, good, and acceptable unto God by his own works; but we must of necessity conclude that faith cleanseth our hearts, and maketh us good, righteous, and acceptable before God; and furthermore, causeth our works to please Him, notwithstanding that they be altogether unprofitable and imperfect. For, insomuch as we become the children of God through faith, He considereth our works, not as a severe and rigorous judge, but as a most merciful Father, having pity of our frailness, and regarding us as the members of His only begotten Son; whose perfection and righteousness doth supply all our uncleanness and imperfection, which are not laid to our charge, forasmuch as they be covered under the pureness and innocency of Jesus Christ, and come not to judgement before God (Jehovah).

And here upon it cometh to pass, that all our works which proceed of true faith (notwithstanding that they be wholly sinful and corrupt of themselves) shall nevertheless be praised and allowed by Jesus Christ in the general judgement, because they be the fruits and testimonies of our faith, whereby we be saved. For, insomuch as we have loved the brethren of Jesus Christ, we shall show evidently that we have also been faithful and brethren of Christ; and therefore by faith we shall be put in full possession of the everlasting Kingdom, which our Sovereign Lord God hath prepared for us before the creation of this fallen world not for our merits’ sakes but through His mercy: whereby He hath chosen us, and called us to the grace of His Gospel, and made us righteous, to the intent to glorify us everlastingly with His only begotten Son Jesus Christ; who is the holiness and righteousness of us, however; not of them which will not confess that faith is sufficient of itself to make a man righteous and acceptable to the Lord God, Jehovah, who, through His Fatherly goodness and loving kindness, offereth and giveth us Jesus Christ with His righteousness, without any desert of own works. 


Matthew 25:32—34 (KJV)

32 And before Him shall be gathered all nations: and He shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats:

33 And He shall set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on the left.

34 Then shall the King say unto them on His right hand, “Come, ye blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:


What thing can work or cause a man to deserve so great a gift and treasure a s Jesus Christ is? This treasure is given only through the grace, favour, and mercifulness of God {Jehovah or Yahweh) and only faith is the thing that receiveth such a gift, as to make us enjoy the forgiveness of our sins (In what manner faith justifieth). And, therefore, when St Paul and other doctors say that only faith maketh man righteous without works, they mean that it maketh us to enjoy the general forgiveness of our sins, and to receive Jesus Christ, who (as saith St Paul) dwelleth in our hearts by faith:


Ephesians 3:17 (KJV) That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love,


and, overcoming and purifying the troubles of our conscience’s satisfieth, God’s justice for our sins. Furthermore, it appeareth God’s wrath justly moved against us, quencheth the fire of hell, wherein our natural corruption did throw us headlong, and cheerfully destroyeth and overthroweth the devil, together with all his power and tyranny; which things all the works that all the men in the world can lay together are not able to deserve nor to bring to pass. That glory and that prerogative is reserved alone to the Son of God, that is to wit, to the blessed Jesus Christ; who hath power above all the powers that are in heaven, in earth, and in hell, and giveth Himself and His merits to all such as, distrusting in themselves, do set their whole hope of being saved in Him, and in His merits.

And therefore let no man beguile himself when he heareth it said that only faith justifieth, without works, and think, as false Christians do (who draw all things to live fleshly), that the true faith consisteth in believing the bare story of Jesus Christ, after the manner as men believe the story of Cæsar (Romans), and Alexander (Greeks), [in other words as a story of conquest, plunder, and dominance]

Such manner of belief is but an historical belief, grounded merely on the report of men, and upon their writings, and lightly imprinted in our conceit by a certain custom, and is like to the faith of the Turks, who, for the like reasons, believe the fables of their Alcoran

And such a faith is but an imagination of man, which never reneweth the heart of man, nor warmeth it with the love of God; neither do any good works ensue, or any change of life which faith should bring forth. And, therefore, they falsely hold opinion, against the holy Scripture, and against the holy doctors of the Church, that only faith maketh not men righteous, but that they must also have works. Unto whom I answer, that this historical and fond belief, and all the works that ensue thereof, are not only unable to make a man righteous, but also do cast the parties headlong to the bottom of hell, likened unto those who have none oil in their lamps:


Matthew 25:3 (KJV) They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: is to say, no lively faith in their hearts.’


The faith that maketh men righteous is a work of God in us, whereby “our old man is crucified” and we, being transformed in Jesus Christ, become new creatures, and the dear beloved children of God. This heavenly faith is it that grafteth us into the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ; and, consequently, mortifieth our flesh with the affections and lusts thereof. For, when we, by the operation of faith, do know ourselves to be dead with Jesus Christ, we are at a full point with ourselves and with the world, and are thoroughly resolved how it is meet that they, which are dead with Jesus Christ, should mortify their earthly members, that is to wit, the sinful of their mind, and the lusts of the flesh; and, forasmuch as we know we be raised again with Christ, we bend ourselves to the leading of a spiritual and holy life, like unto that which we shall live in heaven, after the last resurrection. 

This holy faith, making us to enjoy the general pardon that is published by the Gospel, bringeth us into the kingdom of our good God, and pacifieth our consciences, maintaining us in continual joy, and holy and spiritual sweetness


Romans 5:6 (KJV) For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.


This self-same faith knitteth us unto God, and maketh Him to dwell in our hearts, and clotheth our soul with Himself; so as thenceforth the Holy Ghost moveth us to do the same things whereunto He moved Jesus Christ, while He was in this world and was conversant among men; that is to wit, unto lowliness, meekness, obedience unto God, lovingness, and other perfections, where-through we recover the image of God. For these self-same causes, Jesus Christ did rightly attribute blessedness unto this inspired faith; which blessedness cannot be without good works and holiness of life. And how can it be that a Christian should not become holy, seeing that Jesus Christ is become his holiness through faith?

Therefore, by faith we be justified and saved; and therefore St Paul doth, in a manner, always call those saints whom we call now Christians; who if they have not Christ’s Spirit, are none of Christ’s, and consequently, no Christians at all. But, if they have the Spirit of Jesus Christ to rule and govern them, we must not doubt but that, although they know well that they be made righteous through faith only, yet, for all that, they will become ever the more slothful to do good works (he that believeth cannot be without good works). For Christ’s Spirit is the Spirit of love; and love cannot be idle, nor cease from the doing of good works, except he first know himself to become righteous by faith; for, before he knoweth that, his doing of good works is rather to make himself righteous than for the love and glory of God; and so he defileth all his works with self-love, for the love of himself and for his own profit. But he, that knoweth himself to become righteous by the merits and righteousness of Christ (which he maketh his own by faith), laboureth happily, and doeth good works, alonely (alone, 14th century) for the love and glory of Christ, and not for love of himself, nor to make himself righteous. And thereupon it cometh that the true Christian (that is to wit, he that accounteth himself righteous by reason of Christ’s righteousness) asketh not whether good works be commanded or not; but, being wholly moved and provoked with a certain vehemence of Godly love, he offereth himself willingly to do all the works that are holy and Christian-like, and never ceaseth to do well.

He, therefore, which feeleth not the marvellous effects by his faith, which we have heretofore declared that the inspired faith worketh in the heart of the Christian, let him assure himself that he hath not the Christian faith, and let him pray earnestly unto God to give it him, saying Lord, “Lord, help mine unbelief.”


  Mark 9:24 (KJV) And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, “Lord, I believe; help thou mine unbelief.” 


  James 2:19 (KJV) Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble.


And hold it for certain that St James meant so when he said;


James 2:18 (KJV) Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.


For his meaning was, that he, which is plunged in ambitiousness and worldly pleasures, believeth not (though he say he believe), forasmuch as he sheweth not in himself the effects of faith. I counsel thee to buy gold of God, that is thoroughly fixed with fire (that is to say, true faith set on fire with good works), to the intent that thou mayest become rich; and to clothe thyself with white raiment (that is to wit, with Christ’s innocency), to the shame of thy nakedness (which is the great filthiness of thy sins) be not seen to this whole (fallen) world”.


Revelation 3:17-18 (KJV)

17 Because thou sayest, “I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:”

18I counsel thee to buy of Me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.”


Then is the justifying faith, as it were, a fame of fire, which cannot but cast forth brightness. And, like as the flame burneth the wood without the help of the light, and yet the flame cannot be without the light; so is it assuredly truth at faith alone consumeth and burneth away sin, without the help of works, and yet that the same faith cannot be without good works. (A lively comparison).

Also we make liken this holy faith to the Godhead which is in Jesus Christ; who, being very man (but without sin), did wonderful things,

·        Healing the sick; (The lost).

·        Giving sight to the blind. (Those who have been blinded from all TRUTH).

·        Walking upon the water. ( (The Holy Spirit).

·        Raising up the dead. ( (Ecclesiastes 12:7).

and yet these marvellous works were not the cause that He was God. For, before He did any of these things, He was God, and the lawful and only begotten Son of God (Hebrew Elohim; In the beginning, God (Elohim) created the heavens ...), and He needed not to work those miracles to make Himself God by them; but, forasmuch as He was God, therefore He did them. And so the miracles that Christ wrought made Him not to be God, but shewed openly He was God. In likewise, true faith is, as it were, a Godhead in the soul of a Christian, which doeth wondrous works, and is never weary of well doing; an yet those works are not the cause that a Christian is a Christian, that is to wit, that he is righteous, good, holy, and acceptable unto God; neither needeth he to work all these good works to become such a one. But, forasmuch as he is a Christian by faith, like as Jesus Christ, being a man, was also God by His Godhead, He doeth all those good works, which make not the Christian to be righteous and good, but show him to be good, righteous, and holy. So, then, like as Christ’s Godhead was the cause that He wrought miracles; even so faith, working through love, is the cause of the good works that a Christian man doeth. And, like as a man may say of Jesus Christ, that He hath done this miracle or that, and that those miracles, besides that they glorified God {Yahweh}, were also a great honour unto Jesus Christ as He was man, who for His obedience even unto death was recompensed at Yahweh’s right hand in His resurrection, and had given unto Him all power both in heaven and earth, which He had not before in as in respect of His manhood, but deserved it by the union which is betwixt the Word of Yahweh and the manhood of Christ; so doeth faith in a Christian; which faith, by reason of the union that it hath with the soul, attributeth that thing to the one which is proper to the other. Whereupon it cometh that the holy Scripture promiseth the Christian everlasting life for his good works; because good works are the fruits and testimonies of lively faith, and proceed of it, as light proceedeth from a flame of fire; according as I have said heretofore. And by this holy faith which embraceth Jesus Christ it commeth to pass that our soul is joined with Christ, and is so untied and knit to Him that whatsoever Christ hath merited and deserved, the same is imputed unto the soul, as though it had merited and deserved it.

Of this union of the soul with Jesus Christ, Christ Himself beareth good record, where He prayeth to His Father for His apostles, and for such as should believe in Him by their preaching.


 John 17:20-22 (KJV)

20 “Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on Me through their word;”

21 “That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in Me, and I in Thee, that they also may be one in Us: that the world may believe that Thou hast sent Me.”

22And the glory which thou gavest Me I have given them; that they may be one, even as We are ONE:” 


I pray not (saith He) for them only, but also for all those that shall believe in Me through their word, to the end they may be all one thing; that, like as thou, My Father, art in Me, and I in thee, so they also may be one in us, and that the world may believe that Thou hast sent Me, and that I have given them the glory which Thou hast given Me, so as they should be one self-same thing, like as Thou and I are one.”


Romans 4:25 (KJV) Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.


Whereby it appeareth evidently that,  if we believe the word of the apostles (who preached that Jesus Christ “died for our sins, and rose again for our justification”), we become all one thing with Him; and, forasmuch as He is all one with Yahweh His Father, we also become one with Yahweh, by the mean of Jesus Christ.


2 Corinthians 6:16 (KJV) And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, “I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.


O wonderful glory of the Christian! to whom it is granted through faith to possess the unspeakable benefits which the angels long to behold!


1 Peter 2:12 (KJV) Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by your good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.


By faith alone we put on Chris.


Galatians 3:20, 27. (KJV)

20 Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.

27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.


And, seeing the case so standeth that Christ’s righteousness is given us by faith, we cannot be so thankless, blind, and unhappy, as not to believe that He is of sufficient ability to make us acceptable and righteous before God. Let us say with the apostle, “If the blood of oxen and goats, and the ashes of a cow sprinkled, cleanseth the unclean, as touching the cleansing of the flesh; how much more shall the blood of Jesus Christ, who by the everlasting Spirit offered Himself undefiled unto God, cleanse our consciences from dead works, to serve the living God!”

I pray thee now, thou good and devout Christian, consider well which of these two opinions is the truest, holiest, and worthiest to be preached; ours, which advanceth the benefit of Jesus Christ, and pullet down the pride of man which would exalt (to raise in rank, honor, power, character, quality, etc) his own works against Christ’s glory; or the other, which, by affirming that faith of itself justifieth not, defaceth the glory and benefit of Jesus Christ, and puffeth up the pride of man, who cannot abide to be justified freely by our Lord Jesus Christ, without some merit of his own.

But, say they, it is a great quickening up to good works to say that a man maketh himself righteous before God by means of them.

I answer, that we also confess that good works are acceptable to God, and that He, of His mere grace and free liberality, recompenseth them in paradise. But we say, moreover, that no works are good, saving those that are done by them that are become righteous through faith; because that, if the tree be not good, it cannot yield good fruit.

And furthermore, we say that such as are become righteous through faith, forasmuch as they know themselves to be righteous through God’s righteousness, purchased by Christ, make no bargaining with Yahweh for their works, as though they would buy their manner of justification, such as it is, with them; but, being inflamed with the love of God, and desirous to glorify Jesus Christ, who hath made them righteous by giving the His merits and riches, they bestow all their whole study and labour to do God’s will, fighting manfully against the love of themselves, and against the world and the devil.

And when they fall through frailty of the flesh, they recover themselves by and by, and are so much the more desirous to do good, and so much the more in love with their God, considering that He layeth not their sins to their charge, because they be ingrafted into Jesus Christ; who hath made full amends for all His members, upon His tree of crucifixion and maketh continual intercession for them to the Eternal Father, who, for the love of His only begotten Son, beholdeth them always with a gentle countenance, governing and defending them as His most dear children, and in the end giving them the heritage of the world, making them like-fashioned to the glorious image of Christ.

These loving motions are the spurs that prick forward the true Christians to do good works; who, considering that they are become the children of God through faith, and made partakers of His Divine nature, and stirred up, by the Holy Ghost dwelling in them, to live as it becometh the children of so great a Lord, and are greatly ashamed that they maintain not the beauty of their heavenly noblesse (nobility); and therefore they employ their whole endeavour to the following of their first born Brother, Jesus Christ, living in great lowliness and meekness, in all things seeking the glory of God, giving their lives for their brethren, doing good to their enemies, glorifying in the sufferance of reproaches, and in the crucifixion of our Lord Jesus Christ:


Galatians 6:14 (KJV) But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross [crucifixion] of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world.


Luke 1:74-75 (KJV)

74 That He would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve Him without fear,

75 In holiness and righteousness before Him, all the days of our life.


Titus 2:11-13King James Version (KJV)

11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,

12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;

13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;


Romans 8:9 (KJV) But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His.


Galatians 3:25-27 (KJV)

25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.

26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

27 For as many of you as have been baptised into Christ have put on Christ.


These and such other like thoughts, desires, and affections, are wrought by inspired faith in the souls of them that are become righteous. And, as for him that either wholly or partly feeleth not these godly affections and operations in his heart, but is given over to the flesh and the world, let him assure himself that he hath not yet the justifying faith, nor is the member of Christ; because he hath not Christ’s Spirit, and consequently is none of His; and he that is none of Christ’s is no Christian.

Then let man’s wisdom cease henceforth to fight against the righteousness of the most Holy faith; and let us give all the glory of our justification to the merits of Jesus Christ, with whom we be clothed through faith.  




Although that by the things aforesaid a man may easily and plainly enough perceive how a Christian may clothe himself with Jesus Christ, yet, nevertheless, I mind to speak a little of it, assuring myself that unto the good and faithful Christian it can seem neither grievous nor troublesome to speak thereof, although the thing were repeated a thousand times. Therefore I say that the Christian knoweth that Jesus Christ, together with all His righteousness, holiness, and innocency, is his own through faith. And, like as when a man purposeth to present himself before some great lord or prince, he laboureth to array himself him-self in some fair and costly apparel; even so, when the Christian is decked and arrayed with the innocency of Christ and with all His perfection, he presenteth himself boldly before God YAHWEH the Lord of all, assuring himself that, through Christ’s merits, he is in as good caser as if he had purchased all that which Jesus Christ hath purchased and deserved. And, truly, faith maketh every-one of us to possess Christ, and all that is His, as we possess our own garment.  

And, therefore, to be clothed with Jesus Christ is nothing but to believe for a certainty that Christ is wholly ours; and so is He in very deed, if we believe so, and hold our-selves assured that by the same heavenly garment we be received into favour before God. For it is most certain that he, as a most dear Father, hath given us His Son, meaning that all His [Yahweh’s] righteousness, and all that ever He is, can, or hath done, should be in our power and jurisdiction, in such wise it should be lawful for us to make a boast of them, as if we had done, purchased, and deserved them by our own strength.  

If we brought in a law to boast about Christianity; then surely that would be defeating the object of the Wheat and Tares Parable told by Christ Himself:


Matthew 13:24-30 (KJV)

24 Another parable put He forth unto them, saying, “The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field”:

25 ‘But while men slept, his enemy [Satan] came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way.’

26 ‘But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared the tares also.’

27 ‘So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, “Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? From whence then hath it tares?’”

28 ‘He said unto them, “An enemy [Satan] hath done this.” The servants said unto him, “Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up?’”

29 But he said, “Nay; lest while ye gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with them.”

30 Let both grow together until the harvest:” and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers,” Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.”


Christ will do, what He will do, when He comes forth at the Second Advent and without man’s help.


Then must the Christian have a steadfast faith and belief, that all the goods,all the graces, and all the riches of Jesus Christ are his; for, saith that God hath given us jesus Christ Himself, how should it be possible that He hath not given us all things with Him?


Romans 8:32 (KJV) He that spared not His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how shall He [Yahweh] not with Him also freely give us all things?


Now if this be true, as true as it is indeed, the Christian may rightly say, I am the child of God [Yahweh]; and Jesus Christ is my brother. I am lord of heaven and earth, and of hell, and of death, and of the law; insomuch as the law cannot accuse me, nor lay any curse upon me, because the righteousness of God hath become mine. And this faith is it alone that maketh a man to be called a Christian, and which clotheth him with Jesus Christ; as we have said afore. And boldly may this be called a great mystery, where-under are contained marvellous things, and things not heard of, concerning the Great God, which cannot enter into man’s heart, except God [Yahweh] do first soften it with His Holy Grace; as he hath promised to do by His holy prophet:


Ezekiel 36:26 (KJV) A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.


Now then, he, that believeth not after the said manner that Jesus Christ with all the goods that He possesseth is His, cannot call himself a true Christian, nor ever have a quiet and joyful conscience, nor a good and fervent courage to do good, but shall easily faint in doing of good works; yea, and moreover, he shall never be able to do works that are truly good. This only belief and trust that we have in the merits of Jesus Christ maketh men true Christians, stout, cheerful, merry, lovers of God, ready to do good works, possessors of God’s kingdom and of God Himself, and his right dear beloved children, in whom the Holy Ghost doth truly dwell.

What heart is so cowardly, cold, and vile, which, considering the inestimable greatness of the gift that God hath bestowed upon him, in giving him his own so well beloved Son with all His perfectness, is not inflamed with an earnest desire to become like unto Him in good works? specially seeing that the Father hath given Him unto us for an example whereon we must continually look, framing our life after such a sort  as it may be a true counterpain (counterpart) of the life of Jesus Christ; forasmuch as Christ, saith St Peter:


1 Peter 2:21 (KJV) For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps:   


Out of this consideration issueth another kind of clothing of a man’s self with Christ, which he may term an example clothing; forsomuch as the Christian must frame his whole life after the example of Christ, fashioning himself like unto Him in all his deeds, words, and thoughts, leaving his former wicked life, and decking himself with the new life, that is to wit, with the life of Christ.


Ephesians 4:22-24 (KJV)

22 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;

23 And be renewed in the spirit of your mind;

24 And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.


By reason whereof St Paul saith:


Romans 13:12-14 (KJV)

12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.

13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.

14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.


Hereupon the true Christian, being in love with Jesus Christ, not having any need of me, hath redeemed me with His own blood, and is become poor to enrich me; I will likewise give my goods, yea, and my very life, for the love and welfare of my neighbour in Christ to clothe Himself with me, and with my goods likewise, for the love that I bear Him [Yahweh] for Christ’s sake. He that doth not so is no true Christian, for he cannot say that he loveth Jesus Christ, if he love not the members and brothers of Him; and, if we love not our neighbour, for whose sake Christ hath shed His blood, we cannot truly say that we love Jesus Christ; who, being equal with Yahweh, was obedient to His Father, even to the death of the tree, [crucifixion]:


Philippians 2:6, 8. (KJV)

2 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God [Yahweh]:

8 And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross tree.  


And hath loved and redeemed us, giving Himself unto us, with that ever He hath. After the same manner, we, being rich and having abundance of good things at Christ’s hand, must also be obedient unto God, to offer and give our works and all that we have, yea, and even ourselves, to our neighbours and brethren in Jesus Christ, serving them and helping them at their need, and bring to them as another Christ. And, like as Jesus Christ was lowly and gentle, and far from all debate and strife, so must we set our whole mind upon lowliness and meekness, eschewing (to frighten off) all strife and impatience, as well which consist in words and reasoning, as in deeds.


Matthew 12:19 (KJV)

18 Behold My servant, whom I have chosen; My beloved, in whom My soul is well pleased: I will put My spirit upon Him [Christ], and He shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.

19 He shall not strive, nor cry; neither shall any man hear His voice in the streets.


And, as Jesus Christ has endured all the persecutions and spites of the world for the glory of God, so must we with all patientness cheerfully bear the persecutions and reproaches that are doe by false Christians to all such as will live faithfully in Jesus Christ:


2 Timothy 2:12 (KJV) If we suffer, we shall also reign with Him: if we deny Him, he also will deny us:


Who gave His life for His enemies, and prayed for them upon the tree: and so must we also pray always for our enemies, and willingly spend our life for their welfare.

And this is to follow Christ’s steps; according as St Peter saith. For, when we know Jesus Christ with all His riches to be our own good (which thing is to be clothed with Christ and to become pure and clean without spot), there remaineth nothing more for us to do, but to glorify God [Yahweh] by following the life of Jesus Christ, and to do to our brethren as Christ hath done to us;  and specially forsomuch as we be warranted by His word that, whatsoever we do to His brethren and ours, He accepteth it as a benefit done to Himself. And, doubtless, seeing that the true Christians are the members of Christ, we cannot do either good or evil to the true Christians, but we do it likewise unto Christ; insomuch that He rejoiceth or suffereth in His members. Therefore, like as Jesus Christ is our clothing by faith, so also must we through love become the clothing of our brethren, and have as good care of them as of our own bodies; for they be members of our body, whereof Christ is the Head.

And this is the Godly love and charity which springeth and proceedeth of the true unfeigned faith, which God hath breathed into His elect:


Genesis 2:7 (KJV) And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.    


Galatians 5:6 (KJV) For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth anything, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.


Romans 13:14 (KJV) But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.


2 Timothy 2:11-12 (KJV)

11 It is a faithful saying: For if we be dead with Him, we shall also live with Him:

12 If we suffer, we shall also reign with Him: if we deny Him, He also will deny us:


Luke 9:23 (KJV) And He said to them all, “If any man will come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow Me.”


John 15:5 (KJV) I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in Me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without Me ye can do nothing.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      


Philippians 3:10 (KJV)

10 That I may know Him, and the power of His resurrection, and the fellowship of His sufferings, being made conformable unto His death;

20 For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:

21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto His glorious body, according to the working whereby He is able even to subdue all things unto Himself.


Whereof the apostle St Paul saith:


2 Corinthians 12:9-10 (KJV)

09 And He said unto me, “My grace is sufficient for thee: for My strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.

10 “Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.”


We carry this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power might be God’s of the power might be God’s and not ours.

·        On all sides we suffer tribulation, but we are not overcome:

·        we be poor, but not overcome of poverty:

·        we suffer persecution, but yet are we not forsaken:

·        we be despised, but yet we perish not;

and so we daily bear about us the dying of our Lord Jesus Christ in our body, that the life of Jesus Christ may also be openly shewed in us.


2 Corinthians 4:7-10 (KJV)

07 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.

08 We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair;

09 Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed;

10 Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body.


And, seeing the case is so, that our Lord jesus Christ and all His dear disciples glorified God by tribulations, let us also embrace them joyfully, and say with the apostle St Paul:


Galatians 6:14 (KJV) “But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross crucifixion of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world.”


and let us deal, as the world may (whether it will or no perceive) and see with his eyes the wonderful effects that God worketh in such as sincerity embrace the gift of His Gospel. Let us so deal, I say, as the world-lings may see with how great quietness of mind the true Christian endure the loss of their goods, the death of their children, slanders, the diseases of the body, and the persecutions of false Christians; and also that they may see how the only true Christians do worship God in spirit and TRUTH, taking in good worth at his hand whatsoever happeneth, and holding all that he doth to be good, rightful, holy, praising Him always for the same, whether it be in prosperity or adversity, thanking Him as a most gracious and loving Father, and acknowledging it for a right great gift of God’s goodness to suffer any adversity, and chiefly for the Gospel and for following the steps of Christ; specially forasmuch as we know that “tribulation engendereth patience, and patience trial, and trial hope, and hope maketh us not ashamed.”


Romans 5:3-5 (KJV)

3 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;

4 And patience, experience; and experience, hope:

5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.


I say that patience engendereth trial; because that, whereas God hath promised help in trouble to such as trust in Him, we find it by experience, in that we continue strong and steadfast all the while, and are upholden by the hand of God; which thing we could not do with all the powers that we have of our own. 


1 Timothy 6:13 KJV) I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession;”


So then, by patience we find that our Lord giveth us the help that He hath promised us at our need, whereby our hope is confirmed. And it were an over-great un-thankfulness, not to trust to such an aid and favour for the time to come, as we have found by experience to be so certain and steadfast heretofore. But what need we so many words? It ought suffice us to know that the true Christians are through tribulation clothed with the image of our Lord Jesus Christ glorified.


Romans 8:17 (KJV) ‘And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.


2 Corinthians 1:5 (KJV)For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ.’


And if we suffer with Him here on this fallen earth for a time, we shall also reign with Him forever.




But, forasmuch as the devil and man’s wisdom labour continually to dispossess us of this most holy faith, where-through we believe that all our sins are chastised and punished in jesus Christ, and that through His most precious bloodshed we be reconciled to the Majesty of Yahweh; it is very needful for a Christian to have his weapons always in a readiness to defend himself from the said most mischievous temptation, which seeketh to bereave the soul of her life. Among the said weapons (in my judgement) the mightiest and best are prayer, the often use of the holy communion, the remembering of holy baptism, and the minding of predestination Book I Book II. These are four remedies against the temptations of distrust.

In our prayer we may well say with the father of the poor lunatic person of whom mention is made of in the Gospel of Mark:


Mark 9:24 (KJV) And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, “Lord, I believe; help thou mine unbelief.” 


Or else we may say with the apostles, “Lord, increase our faith.”


Luke 17:5 (KJV) And the apostles said unto the Lord, “Increase our faith.”


And, if there reign in us a continual desire to grow in faith, hope, and love, we will “continually pray;” 1 Thessalonians 5:17 (KJV) ‘Pray without ceasing.’ as Paul instructeth us: For prayer is nothing else but a fervent mind settled upon God.


By the remembering of baptism we shall assure ourselves that we are at peace with God. And forsomuch as Peter saith that the ark of Noe (Noah) was saved from the flood by the ark, because he believed the promises of God, so also are we by faith saved in baptism from God’s wrath.


1 Peter 3:20-21 (KJV)

20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.

21 The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:


Which faith is grounded upon the word of our Lord Jesus Christ, who saith that “he which believeth and is baptised shall be saved”:


Mark 16:16 (KJV) He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.


And good right it is; for in baptism we put on Jesus Christ, as the apostle Paul confirmeth, and consequently we be made partakers of His righteousness, and of all His goods; and under this precious robe the sins, that our frailty committeth, lie hidden and covered, and are not imputed unto us.


Galatians 3:27 (KJV) For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.


Romans 4:6-8 (KJV)

6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,

7 Saying, “Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.”

8 “Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.”


Psalm 32:1-2 (KJV)

1 Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

2 Blessed is the man unto whom the Lord imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile = (treachery)


But it standeth a Christian in hand to take good heed that upon these words he take not liberty to sin; for this doctrine belongeth to none such as honour themselves with the name of Christians, confessing Christ with their mouth, and yet deny Him in their deeds. But it concerneth the true Christians, who, thought hey fight manually against the flesh, the world, and the devil, do not withstanding (the) fall daily, and are constrained to say, Lord, forgive us our offences. These are they to whom we speak, to comfort them, and to hold them up; that they may fall not into despair, as though the blood of Christ washed us not from all sin, and that we were not our advocate, and the atonement-maker for his members.

And therefore, when we be provoked to doubt of the forgiveness of our sins, and that our own conscience beginneth to trouble us, then must we furnish ourselves with TRUE faith, and out of hand have recourse to the precious blood of Jesus Christ shed for us upon the altar of the tree, and distributed to His apostles at His last supper, under the veil of a most holy sacrament, which was ordained by Christ, to the end that we should celebrate the rememberance of His death, and that by the same visible sacrament our troubled consciences might be assured of our atonement with God. The blessed jesus Christ made His last will, when he said:


Luke 22:19 (KJV) And He took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of Me.”  


Matthew 26:28 (KJV) For this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.


Galatians 3:15 (KJV) Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.


Then did Jesus Christ make His testament, wherein he promiseth forgiveness of sins, and the grace and good favour of Himself and His Father, together with mercy and everlasting life. And, to the intent that the said testament should be of full force, He hat confirmed it with His own precious blood, and with His own death. By reason whereof, Paul saith that Jesus Christ is “the Mediator of the new Testament, that, by His dying for the redemption; of those transgressions which were in the Old Testament, they that are called might receive the promise of the eternal inheritance For wheresoever is a testament, there must also be the death of the testator (which in the old testament was a lamb); for the testament is confirmed by the death of the party, insomuch as it is of no value so long as the maker of it is alive:


Hebrews 9:15-16 (KJV)

15 And for this cause He is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.

16 For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.’


Wherefore we be very certain and assured by the death of Jesus Christ that His testament is available, whereby all our misdeeds are pardoned, and we made heirs of eternal life.

And for a token and faithful pledge hereof, instead of a seal, He hath left us this Divine sacrament; which not only giveth our souls assured hope of their everlasting salvation, but also warranted unto us the immortality of our flesh, forasmuch even now it is quickened by that immortal body of His, and in a certain manner becometh partaker of the immortality thereof; and he that is partaker of that Divine body by faith shall not perish forever.


1 Corinthians 15:50 (KJV) Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.”


Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.


John 6:54 (KJV) Whoso eateth My flesh, and drinketh My blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.


But because that to the unclean and unbeliever al things are unclean; notwithstanding that the things be sanctified by the Lord’s blessing. For as (Paul saith) “he that eateth of that bread and drinketh of that cup unworthily, is guilty of the body and blood of the Lord,” and “he eateth and drinketh his own damnation, because he maketh no difference of the Lord’s body.” For he maketh no difference of the Lord’s body,” which presumeth to the Lord’s supper without faith and charity. 


1 Corinthians 11:27 KJV)

27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.

29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.


And, forasmuch as he believeth not that body to be his life, and the cleanser of all his sins, he maketh Jesus Christ a liar, and treadeth the Son of God under foot, and esteemeth the blood testament, whereby He was sanctified, but as a common or worldly thing, and doeth great wrong to the Spirit of grace, and he shall be punished very sore at God’s hand, for this his unbelief and wicked hypocrisy. For, whereas he reposeth not the trust of his justification in the passion of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, yet nevertheless he receiveth this most holy sacrament, and maketh protestation that he putteth not his trust in any other thing. Whereby he accuseth himself, and is a witness of his own iniquity, and condemneth himself to everlasting death, by refusing the life which God promiseth him in that holy sacrament.


Romans 4:5, 24 (KJV)

05 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on Him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.

24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on Him [Yahweh] that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;


But, when I look to the promises and covenants of God, who promiseth me forgiveness of my sins by the blood of Jesus Christ, I am as sure that I have obtained it, and that I have His favour, as I am sure that He which hath made and covenats cannot lie nor deceive; and through this steadfast faith I become righteous by Christ’s righteousness, where through I am saved, and my conscience quieted.

·        Hath He not given His most innocent body into the hands of sinners for our sins?

·        Hath He not shed His blood to wash away my iniquities?

·        Why then dost thou vex thyself, O my soul?

Put thy trust in the Lord, who beareth such great love, that, to deliver thee from eternal death, it hath pleased Him [Yahweh] that His only Son should suffer death and passion, who hath taken upon Himself our poverty, to give us His riches; laid our weakness upon Himself, to establish us in His strength; become mortal, to make us immortal; come down unto the earth, to advance us up to heaven; and become the Son of man with us, to make us the children of God [Yahweh] with Himself. “Who is then that shall accuse us? God is He that justifieth us; and who shall condemn us? Jesus Christ died for us, yea, and He rose again for us, and now sits at the right hand of God, making intercession for us.” Let us then, O my soul, leave off these tears and sighs.


Romans 8:33-34 (KJV)

33 Who shall lay anything to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth.

34 Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God [Yahweh], who also maketh intercession for us.


Psalm 103 (KJV)

1 Bless the Lord, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless His holy name.

Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all His benefits:

Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases;

Who redeemeth thy life from destruction; who crowneth thee with lovingkindness and tender mercies;

Who satisfieth thy mouth with good things; so that thy youth is renewed like the eagle's.

The Lord executeth righteousness and judgment for all that are oppressed.

He made known His ways unto Moses, His acts unto the children of Israel.

The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy.

He will not always chide: neither will He keep His anger for ever.

10 He hath not dealt with us after our sins; nor rewarded us according to our iniquities.

11 For as the heaven is high above the earth, so great is His mercy toward them that fear [revere] Him.

12 As far as the east is from the west, so far hath He removed our transgressions from us.

13 Like as a father pitieth His children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear [revere[ Him.

14 For He knoweth our frame; He remembereth that we are dust. (See Ecclesiastes 12:7 KJV)

15 As for man, his days are as grass: as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth.

16 For the wind passeth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know it no more.

17 But the mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear[revere] Him, and His righteousness unto children's children;

18 To such as keep His covenant, and to those that remember His commandments to do them.

19 The Lord hath prepared His throne in the heavens; and His kingdom ruleth over all.  

20 Bless the Lord, ye His angels, that excel in strength, that do His commandments, hearkening unto the voice of His word.

21 Bless ye the Lord, all ye His hosts; ye ministers of His, that do His pleasure.

22 Bless the Lord, all His works in all places of His dominion: bless the Lord, O my soul.


1.      Image result for internal pyramid structureThe Great Pyramid Internal Structure  which indicates the descending passage to…

2.      The subterranean chamber (Ecclesiastes 12:7 KJV)

3.      The King and Queen ascending chambers.


So hath He had mercy on us, in giving us His only Son. With this faith, with these thanksgivings, with these or such other like thoughts, must we receive the sacrament of the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ.

(There is here a remarkable difference between the editions of 1573, 1633, and 1638. The latter instead of Let us the, O my soul. &c,: Wherefore say with David, “Why art thou heavy, O my soul, and why dost thou trouble me?”  Dost thou see nothing but the law, sin, wrath, heaviness, death, hell, and the devil? Is there not now to be seen grace, remission of sins, righteousness, consolation, joy, peace, life, heaven, Christ, and Yahweh the Father. Trouble me no more then, O my soul; for what is the law? What is sin? What is death and the devil in comparison of these things? Therefore, trust in Yahweh, who hath not spared His own dear Son, but hath given to the death of the cross tree for thy sins, and hath given thee victory through Him.

This is the sweet doctrine of the Gospel, which I desire that all Christians could receive with thanksgiving and an assured faith; for then would Christ be nothing but joy and sweetness to them; then would they take heart in the victory of Christ’s death, who indeed was made a curse for us, subject to wrath, putting upon Him our person, and laid our sins upon His own shoulders, and He hath made us this happy change, that is to say, He took upon Him our sinful person, and gave unto us His innocent and victorious person, wherewith we being now clothed are free from the curse of the law.

And therefore may every poor sinner say, with an assured confidence, Thou, Christ, art my sin, and my curse; or rather, I am Thy sin, and Thy curse; and, counter-wise, Thou art my righteousness, my blessing, my life, my grace of Yahweh, and my heaven. And thus, if we by faith do behold this brazen serpent, Christ hanging upon the tree, we shall see the law, sin, death, the devil, and hell killed by His death, and so may, with the apostle Paul, sing that joying heart ditty: “Thanks be to Yahweh who hath given us victory, through our lord Jesus Christ.”

And so with these thank-givings, with these of such other like thoughts, must we receive the sacrament of the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ.  


1 Corinthians 15:57 (KJV) But thanks be to God [Yahweh], which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.


After this manner is al fearfulness driven out of the soul of the Christian; and charity is increased, faith strengthened, the conscience quieted, and the tongue never ceaseth to praise Yahweh, and to yield Him infinite thanks for so great a benefit. This is the virtue, efficacy, and only trust of our soul. This is the Rock whereupon if the conscience be builded, it feareth nother (neither) tempest, nor the gates of hell, nor Yahweh’s  wrath, nor the law, nor sin, nor death, nor the devils, nor any other thing  And, forasmuch as the substance of the Lord’s supper and table consisteth in this Divine sacrament, when the Christian is at it, he must hold his eyes fastened continually upon the passion of our gracious Saviour; beholding Him on the one side upon the cross tree loaden with our sins, and Yahweh on the other side punishing, chastising, and whipping His only begotten and dearly beloved Son instead of us. (for those who do not believe, or are un-repented wicked people).

O, happy is that man that shutteth his eyes from all other sights, and will nother hear nor see any other thing than Jesus Christ crucified; in whom are laid up and bestowed all the treasures of Yahweh’s wisdom and Divine knowledge! Blessed, say, I, is he that feedeth his mind with so heavenly a food, and maketh himself drunken in the love of Yahweh with so sweet and singular a liquor. 

But, before I make an end of this matter, I will first advertise the Christian that St Austin hath ordinarily been wont to term this holy sacrament “the bond of charity” and “the mystery of unity.”  For in this sacrament the Lord doth after such a manner make us partakers of His body, as He becometh all one thing with us, and we with Him.


1 Corinthians 10:16-17 (KJV)

16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?’

17 ‘For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.’


By these things we understand that, when we receive this most holy communion, we must consider that we are all of us ingraffed into Christ, and are all become members of one self-same body, that is to with, of Jesus Christ, in such wise as we cannot offend, defame, or despise any of our brethren. We cannot love Him, except we love Him in our brethren. Look how much care we have of our own body, so much must we have of our Christian brethren, who are the members of the body. And, like as no part of our body feeleth any grief which spreadeth not itself into all the other parts, so ought we to determine with ourselves, that our brother feeleth not any inconvenience which should not move us to compassion. Then let us go, my brethren, to the receiving of this heavenly bread, to celebrate the remembrance of our Lord’s passion, and to strengthen and fortify the belief and assurance of the forgiveness of our sins with the rememberance thereof, and to quicken up our minds and tongues to praise and exalt the infinite goodness of our God, and finally to cherish brotherly love, and to witness the same one to another by the strait = close union which all of us have in the body of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Besides prayer, and the remembering of baptism, and the often resorting to the most holy communion, there is one other very good remedy against distrust and fearfulness, which is no less friend to Christian charity; namely, the remembrance of our predestination and election to eternal life, grounded upon the word of God, which is the sword of the Holy Ghost, wherewith we may beat back our enemies.


Ephesians 6:17 (KJV) And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:


Luke 10:20 (KJV) Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven.


There is no greater joy in this life, nor anything that more comforteth the Christian that is afflicted, tempted, or fallen into any sin, than the remembrance of predestination, and the assuring of ourselves that we be of the number whose names are written in the book of life, and which are chosen to be fashioned like unto the image of jesus Christ. O how unspeakable is the comfort of him that hath this faith, and museth (enjoy) continually in his heart upon this exceeding sweet predestination, whereby he knoweth that, although he fall often, yet, notwithstanding, Yahweh His (Christ’s) Father, who hat foreordained him to everlasting life, holdeth him up, and reacheth out His hand unto him continually!


Psalm 37:24 (KJV) Though he fall, he shall not be utterly cast down: for the Lord upholdeth him with His hand.


And he saith continually in himself, ‘If God have chosen me and predestinated me to the glory of His children, who can hinder me? “If God be with us (saith St Paul), who can be against us?”


Romans 8:31 (KJV) What shall we then say to these things? “If God be for us, who can be against us?”


Nay rather, to the end that the predestination may be accomplished in us, He [Yahweh] hath sent His dear beloved Son, who is a most sure earnest-penny and pledge unto us, that we, which have received the grace of the Gospel, are God’s children, chosen to eternal life (He that receiveth the Gospel is sure that he is predestinated).

(The effect proceeding of the knowledge of predestination.) This holy predestination maintaineth the true Christian in a continual spiritual joy increaseth in him the endeavour of good works, and inflameth him with the love of God, and maketh him enemy to the world and sin. Who is so fierce and hard-hearted, which, knowing that God of His mercy hath made him His child from everlasting, will not by-and-by be inflamed to love Gog? Who is of no vile and base courage, that he will not esteem all the pleasures, all the honours, and all the riches of the world as filthy mire, when he knows that God hath made him a citizen of heaven? Yea, these are they that worship God rightly in spirit and TRUTH, receiving all things (as well in prosperity as in adversity)at the hand of God their Father, and evermore praising and thanking Him for all, as their good Father, who is righteous and holy in all His works. These, being inflamed with the love of God, and armed with the knowledge of their predestination, fear neither death, nor sin, nor the devil, nor hell; neither know they what the wrath of God is; for they see none other thing in God but love and Fatherly kindness towards them. And if they fall into any troubles, they accept them as God’s favour, crying out with St Paul:


Romans 8:35-37 (KJV)

35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?

36 As it is written, ‘For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.’

37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through Him that loved us.


Wherefore it is not for nought that St John saith how the true Christians know right well that they must be saved and glorified, and that, by reason of the same affiance (to bind), they make themselves holy as Jesus Christ is holy: 1 John 3:2, 3.  And, when Paul exhorteth his disciples to a good and holy life, he is wont to put them in remembrance of their election and predestination:


Ephesians 1:4-6 (KJV)

4 According as He [Yahweh] hath chosen us in Him [Christ] before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love:

5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to Himself [Yahweh], according to the good pleasure of His will,

6 To the praise of the glory of His grace, wherein He hath made us accepted in the beloved [Christ].


As of a thing of very great force to stir up the minds of the true Christians to the loving of God, and to the performance of good works. And for the same cause our good Lord Jesus Christ speaketh openly of this holy predestination, as one that knew of how great importance the knowledge thereof is to the edifying of His elect.


Luke 10:20 (KJV) Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven.


But perchance thou wilt say to me;

“I know well that they whose names are written in heaven have cause to live in continual joy, and to glorify God both in word and deed; but I know not whether I am of that number or no, and therefore I live in continual fear, especially because I know myself to be an exceeding weak and frail sinner, from the violence whereof I am not able to defend myself but that I am overcome of it daily. And furthermore, forasmuch as I see myself continually afflicted and troubled with diverse temptations, methinks I do as it were behold with mine eyes the wrath of God scourging me.”


To answer to these doubts of thine, I say, my right dear brother, that thou must assure thyself that all these are but temptations of the devil; who by all means seeketh to rob us of that faith, and confidence that springeth of faith, and assureth us of God’s good will towards us. He laboureth to strip our soul out of this precious garment; for he knoweth that none is a true Christian, except he believe God’s word, which promiseth forgiveness of all sins, and peace to all them which accept the grace of the Gospel.

Verily I say that he, which, upon these promises of God, persuadeth not himself assuredly that God is a loving and merciful Father neither unto him, nor with steadfast confidence looketh to receive the inheritance of the heavenly kingdom at His hand, is not faithful indeed, and maketh himself utterly unworthy of God’s grace. In respect whereof St Paul saith:


Hebrews 3:6 KJV) But Christ as a Son over His own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.


Hebrews 10:35 (KJV) Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward.


And, therefore, my brethren, let us give our whole endeavour to do the will of God as it becometh good children, and beware that we sin not, as near as we can. And, although we fall oftentimes into sin through our own frailty, yet let us not by-and-by surmise that we be vessels of wrath, or that we be utterly forsaken of the Holy Ghost; for we have our advocate ( = a person who argues for or supports a cause or policy) Jesus Christ before Yahweh our Father; and He is the atonement maker for our sins (the doctrine concerning the reconciliation of God and humankind, especially as accomplished through the life, suffering, and death of Christ).

Therefore, if we have afflictions (pain, distress, or grief; misery), and tribulation, let us not think that God sends them because he is our enemy, but because He is our most loving Father. The Lord (saith Solomon in Proverbs) chastiseth him, who He loveth, and scourgeth every child of His whom He receiveth.


Proverbs 3:12 (KJV) For whom the Lord loveth He correcteth; even as a father the son in whom he delighteth.


Wherefore, if we have received the grace of the Gospel, whereby man is received of God for His child, we must not doubt of Yahweh’s grace and good-will towards us. And then we perceive ourselves to delight in God’s word, and to have a desire to follow the Life of Jesus Christ, we must steadfastly believe that we be the children of God, and the temple of the Holy Ghost

For those things cannot be done by the power of man’s wisdom, but are the gifts of the Holy Ghost, who dwelleth in us by faith, and is as it were a seal of authority, which sealeth up God’s promises in our hearts; the certainty whereof is printed aforehand in our minds, and is given us as a pledge to stablish and confirm the same “As soon as you believe (saith the Apostle St Paul), ye be sealed by the Holy Spirit of promise, who is the earnest-penny of our inheritance,”


Ephesians 1:13-14 (KJV)

13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise,

14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of His glory’.


Behold how He sheweth us hereby, that the hearts of the faithful are marked with the Holy Ghost, as it were with a seal; in respect whereof he calleth the Holy Ghost the Spirit of Promise, forasmuch as he confirmeth the promise of the Gospel, the which (I have oftentimes told you) is a happy tidings that promiseth forgiveness of sins and everlasting life to all such as believe that all their misdoings are blotted out in Jesus Christ (Saith St  Paul) are become the children of God ;” and, “Because we be His children, He hath sent the Spirit of His Son into our heart, which crieth, Abba, Father,”


Galatians 3:26 & 4:6 (KJV)

26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, (Our) Father.


And to the Romans: 

Romans 8:14-17 (KJV)

14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.

15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:

17 And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with Him, that we may be also glorified together.


And we must mark well that, in these two places, the apostle Paul speaketh plainly, not of any special revelation, but of a certain record which the Holy Ghost doth commonly yield to all such as receive the grace of the Gospel. Then, if the Holy Ghost assure(s) us that we be God’s children and heirs, why should we doubt of our predestination?  The same man saith in the same epistle:


Romans 8:30-31 (KJV)

30 Moreover whom He did predestinate, them He also called: and whom He called, them He also justified: and whom He justified, them He also glorified.

31 What shall we then say to these things? “If God be for us, who can be against us?”


And therefore, if I plainly perceive that God hath called me by giving me faith and the fruits of faith, that is to wit, peace of conscience, mortification of the flesh, and quickening of the spirit, whether it be in whole or in part, why should I doubt that I am not predestinated? And, moreover, we say with St Paul, that all true Christians (that is to wit, all such as believe the Gospel)


1 Corinthians 2:12 (KJV) Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.


by the inspiration whereof they discern the things that God hath given them. What marvel then is it if we know that God hath certainly given us everlasting life?

But there are some which say that no man ought to presume so far as to boast himself to have the Spirit of God. They speak in such wise as if the Christian should glory of the having of it for his own desserts, and not by the only and mere mercy of God; and as though it were a presumptuousness to profess himself a Christian; or as though a man could become a Christian without the having of Christ’s Spirit.


Romans 8:9 (KJV) But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His.


Or as though we could without flat hypocrisy say that Jesus Christ is our Lord, or call Yahweh our Father, if the Holy Ghost moved not our hearts and tongues to utter so sweet words.


1 Corinthians 12:3 (KJV) Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost.


And yet, notwithstanding, even they, that count us presumptuous for saying that God hath given us His Holy Spirit with faith, forbid us not to say everyday “Our Father,” but rather command us. But I would have them to tell me how it is possible to separate faith and the Holy Ghost asunder; seeing that faith is the peculiar work of the Holy Ghost? If it be presumption to believe that the Holy Ghost is in us, why doth St Paul bid the Corinthians try themselves whether they have faith or no, affirming them to be reprobates if they know not that Jesus Christ is in them?


2 Corinthians 8:5 (KJV) And this they did, not as we hoped, but first gave their own selves to the Lord, and unto us by the will of God.


But, in very deed, it is a great blindness to accuse the Christians of presumptuousness for taking upon them to glory of the presence of the Holy Ghost; without which glorying there cannot be any Christianity at all. But Jesus Christ, who cannot lie, saith that His Spirit is unknown to the world, and that they only do know Him within whom He dwelleth.


John 14:17 (KJV) Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth Him not, neither knoweth Him: but ye know Him; for He dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.


Then let them begin to become good Christians, and put away their Jewish minds, and embrace the grace of the Holy Gospel in good earnest; and then shall they know that the good and true Christians both have the Holy Ghost, and also acknowledge themselves to have Him.

But some may say to me, that the Christian cannot by any means know that he is in God’s favour, without some special revelation; and so consequently that he cannot know whether he be predestinated or no. And he may especially allege these words of Solomon: And also these words of St Paul to the Corinthians:


Ecclesiastes 9:1 (KJV) For all this I considered in my heart even to declare all this, that the righteous, and the wise, and their works, are in the hand of God: no man knoweth either love or hatred by all that is before them.


1 Corinthians 4:4 (KJV) For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth Me is the Lord.


It seemeth to be sufficiently declared by the texts of holy Scripture, that the said opinion is false; and now remaineth only to be showed briefly that these two texts, whereupon the same opinion is chiefly grounded, ought not to be taken in that sense. As touching Solomon’s sentence, although it be scarce well and faithfully translated in the common translation; yet is there not any man so dull, who, in reading Solomon’s whole discourse, may and plainly perceive that by saying so he meant, that if any man will take upon him to judge by the casualties that happen in this life, who is loved or hated of God, he laboureth in vain, considering that the self-same chances, which light upon the righteous, light also upon the unrighteous; upon him that that sacrificeth, as well as upon him that sacrificeth not; and as soon upon the good man, as upon the sinner. Whereof it may be gathered that God doth not always show His love towards those who He endureth PSALM 136 with outward prosperities; and contrariwise, that He showeth not His displeasure towards those whom He punisheth. Then, my right dear brethren in Christ Jesus our Lord, do you think it reason to conclude that a man cannot be sure of God’s favour, because the same sureness cannot be perceived by the sundry chances that happen every day in these transitory and temporal things = (In other words “This Fallen Earth”) A little afore, Solomon saith that a man cannot discern any difference between the soul of a man and the life of a beast; for it is seen that both man and beast die after one manner.


Ecclesiastes 3:19 19 (KJV) For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no preeminence above a beast: for all is vanity.


Shall we then conclude, by this outward accident, that the persuasion which we have conceived of the immortality of the soul is grounded but only upon conjecture? No, surely; and it were a great folly to stand upon a thing so notably known.

And, as for St Paul’s words, I say that forasmuch as he was speaking of the administration of the Gospel, he meant that his heart misgives him not of any misdealing therein; and yet, for all that, that he is not sure he hath done his whole duty to the full, and therein obtained the praise of righteousness to God-ward, as if he had done all that pertained and was convenient to be done by a faithful steward; and therefore in speaking of his office, like a just and discreet person, he durst not justify himself, nor avow that he had discharged his duty to the uttermost, and satisfied his Lord’s will, but referred all things to the only judgement of his Lord. And, verily, whosoever readeth these words of the apostle St Paul

, and considereth the words going afore them with some judgement, and likewise the words that follow, will not doubt that this is the true sense of them I know well that some men, in expounding these words of the Apostle Paul, say that, although he knew himself to be without sin, yet he knew not whether he were righteous to God-ward or no; according as David affirmeth that no man can perfectly know his own sins.


Psalm 19:12 KJV Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.


But these men perceive not that St Paul groundeth not righteousness upon works, but upon faith, and that he utterly refuseth his own righteousness, to embrace only the righteous ness which God hath given us through our Lord Jesus Christ.


Romans 3:28, & 1:18 (KJV)

28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;


Philippians 3:8-9 (KJV)

8 Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus My Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ,

9 And be found in Him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God [Yahweh] by faith:


Also, they consider not that he was most certain to be accepted for righteous, in maintaining the soundness and pureness of the Christian faith; and he knew well how the crown of that righteousness was laid up for him in heaven;


2 Timothy 4:8 (KJV) Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.


and, also, that he was fully assured that no creature in heaven, earth, nor hell, was able to separate him from the love of Yahweh; and that he longed to die, because he knew for a TRUTH that after his death he should be with Jesus Christ.


Romans 8:38-39 (KJV)

38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come,

39 Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God [Yahweh], which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.


Philippians 1:21-23 KJV)

21 For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.

22 But if I live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose I wot not.

23 For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:


All which things should be false, if he had not been well assured that he was righteous, I mean by faith, and not by works. Therefore, my dear beloved brethren, let us cease to speak that thing of the apostle Paul which he never once thought of himself, but fiercely fought against it continually, in answering such as measured righteousness by works, and not by faith in our Lord Jesus Christ.

But, besides these two authorities of Solomon and St  Paul, a man might allege some other places of holy Scripture, which, whereas they warn and encourage men to fear [revere] God [Yahweh], seem to be contrary to the assurance of this our predestination. And, if I would declare them all particularly, I should be over-long. But I say generally that the fear of punishment was proper to the Old Testament, and childly love to the New Testament; according to St Paul witnesseth, when he saith to the Romans:


Romans 8:15 (KJV) For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba [Our], Father.


2 Timothy 1:7 (KJV) For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.


Luke 1:70,74,75 KJV

70 As He [Yahweh] spake by the mouth of His holy prophets, which have been since the world began:

74 That He would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve Him without fear,

75 In holiness and righteousness before Him, all the days of our life.


By these and many other places of the holy Scripture, a man may plainly gather that the painful and slavish fearfulness agreeth not with a Christian; and this is already confirmed by this, that such manner of fearfulness is utterly contrary to the spiritual cheerfulness and joy, which is peculiar to the Christian; as the apostle Paul showeth openly to the Romans, saying that:


Romans 14:17 KJV For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.


that is to say, that every man, which entereth into the kingdom  of the grace of the Gospel, is become righteous through faith; and afterward addeth peace of conscience, which consequently breedeth such a spiritual and holy rest and gladness, in respect whereof the same St Paul doth oftentimes encourage the Christians to live merrily: And Peter saith that all they which believe in Jesus Christ do continually rejoice with an unspeakable and glorious joy, notwithstanding that they be afflicted with diverse temptations: and therefore, when the holy Scripture threateneth and frayeth (affrighteth) the Christians, they must understand that it speaketh to such as are so licentious (sexually immoral or offensive).that, forasmuch as they keep not the thankfulness and honesty that belong to God’s children ,they must be handled as servants, and held in awe, until they come to taste and feel how sweet and pleasant the Lord is, and until as such time as faith work His effects in them, and that they have so much childly love as may suffice to keep and maintain them in honesty of Christian conversation and in following the example of our Lord Jesus Christ.


Ephesians 5:19 (KJV) Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord;


Philippians 4:4 (KJV) Rejoice in the Lord always: and again I say, Rejoice.


1 Peter 1:6, 8.(KJV)

6 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations:

8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see Him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:


And when the self-same Scripture exhorteth the Christians to the true fear, it meaneth not that they should fear the judgement and wrath of God, as though it were presently ready to condemn them; for (as I have said already), by the record which the Holy Ghost giveth to spirit, they know that God hath chosen them and called the, of His own mere mercy, and not for their desserts. By reason whereof they doubt not at all but that, by the self-same goodness and mercy, He will maintain them in the happy state wherein He hath placed them. And after such manner the Scripture exhorteth them not to slavishly fear, but to childly fear, that is to wit, that like good children they should be loath to offend against the Christian religion, or to commit anything against the duty and honesty of God’s true children, and likewise to grieve the Holy Ghost that dwelleth in them


Ephesians 4:30 KJV) And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.


To the end that, knowing the corruptedness of our nature, we should always be heedful and diligent, and never have any trust in ourselves; for in our flesh and in our minds do the appetites and affections continually dwell, which, as deadly enemies of the soul, lay a thousand snares and baits for us incessantly, labouring to make us proud, ambitious, lecherous, and covetous. This is the fear whereunto the whole of Scripture exhorteth the Christians that have once tasted how sweet the Lord is, and which bestow all their endeavour in following Christ’s footsteps, who cast not from them this holy fear, because they labour to put off the old man.

And the good Christians must never bereave themselves quite and clean of this childly fear, which is the singular friend of Christian charity; like as the slavish fear is such an enemy unto it, as they can by no means dwell together. And by the foresaid things a man may plainly perceive that the good Christian ought never to doubt of the forgiveness of his sins, nor of God’s favour,

One must also believe particularly that his own sins are forgiven him by Jesus Christ; and the reason is ready at hand, namely, that, forasmuch as god hath promised thee to accept thee for righteous through the merits of Jesus Christ, if thou believe not that thou art become righteous through Him, thou makest Our Father a liar, and consequently thou makest thyself unworthy of His grace and liberality.


1.      But thou wilt say to me, I believe well the forgiveness of sins, and I know that God (Our Father) is true; but I am afraid that I am not worthy to have so great a gift.

2.      I answer, that the forgiveness of thy sins shall not be a gift of free grace, but a wages, if God should give it thee for the worthiness of thy works.


But I reply upon thee, that God accepteth thee for righteous, and layeth not thy sin to thy charge, because of Christ’s merits which are given unto thee and become thine by faith. Therefore, believe that not only the forgiveness of sins in general, but also apply the same belief to thine own particular person, by believing without any doubt that all thy misdoings are pardoned thee through Jesus Christ. And in so doing thou shalt give the glory unto Our Father Yahweh, by confessing Him to be merciful and true, and shalt become righteous and holy before God Our Father, Yahweh; forasmuch by the same confession the holiness and righteousness of Jesus Christ shall be communicated unto thee.

Book I:   Book II:

But to return to our purpose of predestination: I say that, by the things above mentioned, a man may evidently perceive that the assurance of predestination doth not hurt, but rather greatly profit, the true Christians. And I think not that it can hurt the false Christians and reprobates. For, albeit that such manner of folk would bear themselves in hand, and pretend to the world-word to be of the number of the predestinate, yet can they never persuade their own consciences, which will ever be gnawing and crying out to the contrary. But yet it seemeth greatly, that the doctrine of predestination may hurt them. For they be wont to say, if I be of the number of the reprobates (a depraved, unprincipled, or wicked person), what shall it avail me to do good works? And if I be of the number of the predestinate, I shall be saved, without any labouring of mine to do good works I answer thee at few words, that by such devilish arguments they increase God’s wrath against themselves; who hath disclosed the knowledge of predestination to the Christians, to make them hot and cold in the love of God, and to set them forward and not backward unto good works. And therefore for the true Christian on the one side holdeth himself assuredly predestinated unto everlasting life, and to be saved, not at all by his own merits, but by Our Father’s election, who hath predestinated not for our own works’ sakes, but to show the greatness of His mercy; and on the other side endevoureth himself to do good works after the example of Jesus Christ, as much as his salvation depended upon his own policy and painstaking. As for him that ceaseth to do good, because of the doctrine of predestination, saying, if I be predestinated, I shall be saved, without straining of myself to do good works; he sheweth evidently that his travailing is not for the love of God, but for the love of himself. By reason whereof, the works that he doth may be perhaps good and holy to the sight of men, but they be wicked and abominable before the Lord God, who hath an eye to the intent. And hereupon it may be gathered, that the doctrine of predestination worketh rather good than harm to the false Christians. For it discovereth their hypocrisy; which cannot cure itself so long as it lieth hidden under the mantle of outward works. 

But I would have them that say, I will not strain myself to do well; for if I be predestinated I shall be saved without tiring of myself so much; I say; I would have them tell me, how it happeneth that, when they be diseased, they say not also, I will have neither physic or physician; for look, what God had determined upon me cannot but come to pass. Why eat they? Why drink they? Why till they the ground? Why plant they vines? And; why be they so diligent in doing all things convenient for to sustain the body? Why say they not, also, that all these turmoilings, policies, and travails of ours are superfluous; forasmuch as it is not possible but that whatsoever God hath for-seen and determined, concerning our life and death, must needs come to pass? And, therefore, if God’s providence makes them not negligent and idle in things pertaining to the body, why should it make them more slothful and negligent in that which concerneth the Christian perfection, which without all comparison is far nobler than the body? But, forasmuch as we see that niether Jesus Christ, nor St Paul, for any doubt of offending the reprobates, have forborne (hold back) to preach the TRUTH, which is necessary to the edifying of the chosen, for the love of whom the everlasting Son of God became man and was put to death on the tree, we also in likewise ought not to forbear the preaching of predestination to the true Christians, forasmuch as we have seen that it importeth great edification.

Now are we come to the end of our purpose, wherein our chief intent hath been (according to our small power) to magnify the wonderful benefit which the Christian man hath received by Jesus Christ crucified, and to show that faith of himself alone justifieth, that is to with, that God receiveth and holdeth them for righteous, which believe steadfastly that Christ hath made full amends for their sins; howbeit, that, as light cannot be separated from fire, which of itself burneth and devoureth all things, even so good works cannot be separated from faith, which alone by itself justifieth.

And this holy doctrine (which exalteth Jesus Christ, and represseth and abateth the pride of man) hath and always shall be rejected and fought against by such Christians as have Jewish minds. But happy is he who, following the example of St Paul, spoileth himself of his own righteousness, than that which is of Jesus Christ, wherewith if He be clothed and apparelled, he may most assuredly appear before Our Father Yahweh, and shall receive His blessing and the heritage of heaven and earth, with His only Son Jesus Christ our Lord; to whom be all honour, praise, and glory, from this time forth for evermore—AMEN.  January 23rd 1861.