Psalm 91 JEHOVAH THE SURE DEFENCE
Of Those Who Trust In Him.
In the view of many scholars, this is a national psalm, but there are also good reasons for considering it a personal one. The best of these is the impression it makes on the reader.
The exquisite beauty of it and the deep trust and confidence in it seem to be too profound to be the expression of national hope; they sound like the welling up of a deep emotional spring within the individual soul. The Targum (an Aramaic translation or paraphrase of a portion of the Old Testament) thinks of this Psalm as a dialogue between David and Solomon.
“I will say of Jehovah…for He will deliver thee Solomon my son.”
“For thou Jehovah art my refuge, in a lofty dwelling hast Thou placed the abode of Thy Majesty.”
The Lord of the world answered and said thus:
“There shall no evil befall thee.”
The date of the Psalm is uncertain; it is probably post-exilic. The Rabbis suggested that since Moses wrote Psalm 90, he also wrote its antithesis in Psalm 91.
The Theme of the Psalm: Jehovah a Secure Defence.
Psalm 91 (KJV)
01 He that dwelleth in the secret place of the Most High
Shall abide under the shadow of The ALMIGHTY. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/jehovah%27sword.htm
02 I will say of the LORD He is my refuge and my fortress:
My God; in Him will I trust. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/secondadvent.htm
03 Surely He shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, [a hunter of birds]
And from the noisome [noxious] pestilence.
04 He shall cover thee with His feathers, And under His wings shalt thou trust:
His truth shall be thy shield and buckler. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/thetruth.htm
05 Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night;
Nor for the arrow that flieth by day. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/happy.htm
06 Nor for the pestilence that walketh in darkness;
Nor for the destruction that wasteth at noonday. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/perfection.htm
07A thousand shall fall at thy side, And ten thousand at thy right hand;
But it shall not come by thee. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/deathswallowedup.htm
08 Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold
And see the reward of the wicked. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/state.htm
09 Because thou hast made the LORD, which is my refuge
Even the MOST HIGH, thy habitation; http://www.godsplan.org.uk/spiritualmaterial.htm
10 There shall no evil befall thee,
Neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/gifts.htm
11 For He shall give His angels charge over thee, http://www.godsplan.org.uk/christianmovement.htm
to keep thee in all thy ways.
12 They shall bear thee up in their hands, http://godsplan.org.uk/education.htm
lest thy dash thy foot against a stone.
13 Thou shalt tread upon the Lion and adder: http://www.godsplan.org.uk/thesufferingsandglory.htm
The young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.
14 Because he has set his love upon Me, therefore will I deliver Him: http://www.godsplan.org.uk/ethicalimplications.htm
I will set him on high, because he hath known My name.
15 He shall call upon Me and I shall answer Him: http://www.godsplan.org.uk/godcontrols.htm
I will be with Him in trouble; I will deliver Him, and honour Him.
16 With long life will I satisfy Him,
And shew Him my salvation. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/Index.htm
The Hebrew of the first line is very brief. The word “happy” may have dropped out at the beginning. If it were restored, the line would read, “Happy is the man who dwells in the secret place”. The general sense is clear. The one who takes refuge in the secret hiding place, or the safe retreat of God, is both happy and secure. Almighty—Hebrew, Shaddai; this is the name used for God in;
Genesis 17:1 (KJV) And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/Bereshith.htm
where it occurs as El Shaddai. The term Elyon—the most high—is used for “God”. http://levendwater.org/companion/append4.html
Genesis 14:19—21 (KJV)
19 And he blessed him, and said, “Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand.” And he gave Him tithes of all.
21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, “Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.” http://www.godsplan.org.uk/prince.htm
Secret place = covert, i.e., under the protection of God Almighty. There none but God can find him; the enemy cannot locate him.
Shadow of the Almighty.
God is sometimes presented under the idea of a “Rock in a weary land,” which gives shade to the weary traveller and protection; or the words may refer to the protection of the mother bird, a figure used later (v4). The one who dwells in the secret covert of the MOST HIGH shall become His abiding guest. (V2) is the expression of complete confidence and trust.
3—8 God’s providential Care.
Surely—there can be no doubt about it. Snare of the fowler—the trap of the huntsman, who seeks human prey. Noisome pestilence—since pestilence is mentioned in verse 6, many accept the reading of some of the translations, “from the destroying word” i.e., slander and gossip. Pinions…wings—there is tenderness and intimacy in that expression.
Matthew 23:37(KJV) O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, http://www.godsplan.org.uk/bibleprophecytheend.htm
how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!
Apart from the first half of (Matthew 23:37 KJV), which refers to the end; and those Jews who chose Barabbas over Christ in Jerusalem, Herod who beheaded John, St Paul &c, as well as others.
This verse is the image of a mother bird, which gathers her young under her wings in times of danger. One who abides under the shadow of the Almighty need not fear sudden surprises by night, nor open attacks by day. Day and night are both alike to Him in Whom we dwell (v5).
Pestilence and destruction (or plague) is set forth as stalking demons seeking human prey; these too are impotent as long as the Divine protection is ours. Thee (v7c) The emphasis is upon the word. Whatever may happen to others, he/she who trusts in God is safe. The Psalmist may have had in mind here of the deliverance on that last night in Egypt when the destroying angel passed through, but the Hebrews under the care of God were exempt from destruction.
Exodus 12: 13, 17 (KJV)
13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.
9—16 Renewed Assurance of Divine Protection.
The translation of v9 is somewhat uncertain. Some read For Jehovah is thine own refuge, the Lofty One thy place of safety. The general thought, however, is clear; the psalmist describes again the safety of those who put their trust In Jehovah. The same theme is continued in verse 10. The psalmist once more reminds us of the basis for this confidence. Plague. Is it possible that trust in God will keep all physical plague away? (Answer: If it does not, then one has not trusted in Jehovah). It will certainly keep away all spiritual evil, Jehovah will exercise a protecting care (vv11—12). He shall give His angels charge over thee-:
Exodus 23:20 (KJV) Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. http://godsplan.org.uk/messianicage.htm
All thy ways—the ways ordered by God for you, and not those of your own choosing. The devil tempted Jesus by quoting this verse to Him.
Matthew 4:6 (KJV) And saith unto Him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give His angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.
Lion an Adder. The adder was the cobra of Egypt, which Cleopatra used to commit suicide.
In verses 14—16 Jehovah speaks. He hath set his love upon Me. Love begets love and responds to love. “We love Him because he first loved us.” God chooses any people to be His people who choose Him to be their God.
I will set him on high—out of the reach of his enemies and over them.
Esther 6:7—11 (KJV)
07 And Haman answered the king, “For the man whom the king delighteth to honour,’
08 ‘Let the royal apparel be brought which the king useth to wear, and the horse that the king rideth upon, and the crown royal which is set upon his head:’
09 ‘And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king's most noble princes, that they may array the man withal whom the king delighteth to honour, and bring him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaim before Him, Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delighteth to honour.’”
10 Then the king said to Haman, “Make haste, and take the apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the king's gate: let nothing fail of all that thou hast spoken.”
11 Then took Haman the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him, Thus shall it be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour.
Call…answer. (verse 15)—He has stood the test.
I will be with him in trouble—happy the man who has won such a place with God. “Can you trust God?” may give way to “Can God trust you?”
Deliver…honour—not only saved, but saved to something, and for something.
With long life—this was the sunnum bonum (Summum bonum is a Latin expression meaning "the highest good") of Israel’s saints, to live long on the earth.
Satisfy—I will make life worth living and allow him to live as long as he finds it worthwhile.
My Salvation—from every foe and every evil. This word includes all that has gone before. Deliverance from the snare of the fowler, noisome pestilence, terror by night, arrow by day, pestilence of darkness and destruction of noonday, evil, plague, stones, lions adders, trouble, and everything else. Thus salvation will be positive. Not only shall he be saved from all of these; but he will also be saved to a home in the Almighty, life in the midst of death, courage, the care of angels; he will be set on high, delivered, victorious, honoured, satisfied. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/christianrace.htm
EXCERPT FROM TOMORROWS WORLD.
Integrity: (firm adherence to a code of especially moral values):
Even this great nation, (U.K. USA) with all its resources and great wealth, cannot continue to ignore the collapse of morals, and the absence of godly character at every level of society, and expect to prosper and thrive. Without morality and integrity, the whole framework of our society and way of life is crumbling, and our decline will probably accelerate very quickly, unless our beloved nations make some basic changes in the way we live and conduct our personal lives.
Our leaders, at every level of government, also need to embrace the principles of integrity and good conduct, rather than political expediency.(a regard for what is political or advantageous rather than for what is right or just; a sense of self-interest).
There is a term in the Bible for this needed change. It is called "repentance." This also applies to all English-speaking nations. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/obediencebringsblessings.htm
Luke 13:1-5 (KJV)
1 There were present at that season some that told him of the Galilaeans, whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices.
2 And Jesus answering said unto them, “Suppose ye that these Galilaeans were sinners above all the Galilaeans, because they suffered such things?”
3 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.
4 “Or those eighteen, upon whom the tower in Siloam fell, and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above all men that dwelt in Jerusalem?”
5 “I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.”
2 Peter 3:9 (KJV) The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.
PSALM 92 4—8 THE SOVEREIGNTY OF JEHOVAH THE GROUND OF PRAISE.
Through Thy works—Thy working, or activity. Works—what the psalmist has in mind is the result of the Divine workings, as he has observed them.. God works His own way and brings forth the results in His Own good time (v5).
This the Psalmist understands, but the brutish man…the fool (silly, v 6) cannot perceive or understand the ways in which God works out His purpose. The wicked flourish for a time but soon are cut down.
Psalm 92:4-8 (KJV)
4 “For thou, Lord, hast made me glad through thy work: I will triumph in the works of thy hands.”
5 “O Lord, how great are thy works! and thy thoughts are very deep.”
6 “A brutish man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this.”
7 “When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish; it is that they shall be destroyed for ever:”
8 “But thou, Lord, art most high for evermore.”
Psalm 37:35—36 (KJV)
35 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree.
36 Yet he passed away, and, lo, he was not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found.
A brutish man is like a brute and sees and feels as a brute. To satisfy himself in the lowest forms of life is his deepest concern. The grandeur and profundity (intellectual depth) of God’s works are beyond his conception.
Brute/Brutish = (brutal; cruel. gross; coarse. carnal; sensual. uncivilised. bestial; like an animal, of, relating to, or resembling a brute or brutes; animal, coarse; cruel; stupid).
EVIDENCE OF THE DIVINE SUPREMACY
These evidences consist in the fact that the righteous flourish, and the wicked perish.
THE POWERS OF THE EARTH THREATEN JEHOVAH’S REIGN IN VAIN.
Rivers at flood tide, oceans rising in the face of recent storms, thundering waters, and raging storms cannot shake the everlasting throne. Exile, persecution, and death may not destroy God’s People. They can be destroyed only by themselves. In the midst of the storms and raging tumultuous waves rises the voice of Jehovah high above them all.
In the face of overwhelming evidence, people still turn their backs on a righteous and TRUE God; preferring instead to go their own way. Not all can be saved or turned, and for those in this category live your life as you wish; for there will come a time (in the not too distant future) when you wish you had not. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/stormcoming.htm
These brutish people believe only they can make a better life on this fallen earth but they are on the losing end. Satan; who wants to destroy God’s People, and those who believe in Jesus will be destroyed, not by Satan before he dies, but by God. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/earthlytabernacle.htm
Ecclesiastes 12:7 (KJV) Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
The idiots, or aptly put in verse 6 of Psalm 92; knows only satanic principles, lies, profit, deceit, immorality &c and God lets them ascend to the height of riches and infamy. So those people who do not read the Bible; atheists, believe in material gain is the best way to enjoy life on this fallen Earth.. As Satan himself said in John Milton’s “Paradise Lost”, “It is better to rule on this fallen earth, than to serve in heaven.” http://www.godsplan.org.uk/book1.htm. That is where we are now and the ‘Great Tribulation is on the way.’ It is time to make that choice!